Система технического регулирования в Российской Федерации: формирование, возможное и ожидаемое воздействие на конкуренцию и конкурентоспособность
A well-developed system of technical monitoring suggests technical regulations which set defi nite fi nancially and economically substantiated requirements for the produce and processes. Th ese requirements must be explicit, unequivocal, comprehensive and suitable for practical use. Yet so far, the requirements of obligatory parameters of security and the requirements of quality of the produce and processes have actually had the same legal status and common terms of making and providing their compliance. Th e norm-and-technical documents have still enjoyed the status of obligatory legal documents which allows agencies and citizens. It obviously contradicts the Constitution fundamentals and is a serious hindrance to the development of the economy in Russia.
В статье раскрывается значение технического регулирования в современных условиях, взаимосвязь технических и юридических норм. Показаны различные аспекты происходящей в России реформы технического регулирования. Подчеркнута необходимость соблюдения преемственности в подходах к формированию современной системы технического регулирования.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.