Проблемы стимулирования развития информационно-коммуникационных технологий
The research probes the teaching and learning opportunities that the Wikipedia free Internet project provides in the area of project-learning. Using the platform as a tool gives students a chance to acquire and develop a variety of communicative and information processing competences that the article describes in detail. A variety of techniques using Wikipedia in the teaching process have been developed and tested in studying foreign languages, the humanities, and social sciences. We will be using the term 'wiki pedagogy' to describe the Wikipedia-based interactions between the teacher and the student; the term covers the information and communication technologies of education that are based on the Wikipedia platform
Currently, the governments of a number of countries, including Russia, consider the promotion of open source software as an important policy tool for the development of information and communication technologies (ICT). Since 2010, our country has been implementing an initiative to create a National software platform focused on the development of applications based on Open Source and their enforcement in public administration. The article assesses the effectiveness of public policy in the field of open-source software and provides recommendations for its improvement.
Analyzing the specifics of the functioning of the software market, comparing the strengths and weaknesses of its two main segments — proprietary ("closed") and open, as well as possible "extreme" policy approaches in relation to the latter (direct stimulation or complete withdrawal of the state from regulating the choice of users), the authors conclude that no mandatory approach is indubitable. It is necessary to take into account the not only software development itself, but also the entire complex of complementary assets that determine the economic effect of innovation. Only the joint work of suppliers and consumers on the introduction of new technologies (co-invention) creates synergy, which is a key condition for the effective use of information technologies in the economy and the development of the ICT sector as a whole. Consequently, protectionism (stimulating the producer by limiting consumer choice) is fundamentally inconsistent with the specifics of the sector, and the forced transition to new software will result in significant losses in terms of the associated switching costs and lost benefits from network effects. At the same time, indirect measures, such as informing users and supporting the dissemination of open standards, are more likely to increase customer choice by reducing the cost of switching from one software to another. Such mechanisms are not only compatible with the specifics of the market in question, but also make it possible to derive maximum benefit from it, both for producers and consumers.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.