Beneficiaries of a place: whose life is better?
The purpose of the study - identification and systematization of factors of place attractiveness for inhabitants (quality of local life). Research method is a survey of the population of the five cities of the Republic of Karelia. The most important results and conclusions of the study: place attractiveness depends on both objective factors of the local environment and the perceptions of local population. Perception, in turn, is formed by the existing local way of life.
Other-related concerns for justice are fundamental components of morality and interpersonal behaviors. In this paper, we investigated macro/cultural and micro/individual differences in justice concerns for others. More specifically, beneficiary sensitivity (BS) and observer sensitivity (OS) were compared across China as a typical collectivist society, and Germany and Russia as two individualistic societies. Individualism–collectivism was assumed to mediate the cultural variance of BS and OS. In Study 1, Chinese participants exhibited more BS but less OS compared to German participants. In Study 2, the Chinese participants exhibited more BS but not significantly different OS compared to Russian participants. Moreover, collectivism mediated this cultural difference in BS but not OS. In Study 3, collectivist participants identified according to their proposals in social value games exhibited more BS than did individualistic participants, while the two groups revealed no significant difference in OS. Taken together, our studies consistently show that higher collectivism both on the cultural and individual levels is related to BS but not to OS, suggesting that collectivist values make people sensitive to selfadvantage in comparison to the suffering of others.
Place attractiveness is considered as a combination of its ability to attract new residents, retain existing residents, and promote the natural growth of the population and settling of the natives. The complex category reflects residential satisfaction, on the one hand, and efficiency of place marketing, on the other. Being measured through spatial behavior indicators, it creates the opportunity for market segmentation on the theoretical level.
This article is devoted to distinctive features of family trust as one of the forms of cross-border accumulation and movement of capital in the English Law. The author analyzed legal adavantages of family trust in the context of assets and investments accumulation and management, defined subjective structure of trust matters, which includes not only trust settlor, trustee and beneficiary but also protector. The author gave special consideration to legislation and case law in respect of private trust companies business activity as trustees according to the English Law.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management