Экспериментальный подход в оценке влияния с учетом предпочтений
In the present paper we have hypothesized an explanation for the fact that the evaluation
of the social impact of law is modeled predominantly by the economic efficiency concept.
Considering the early stages of the concept’s development, we try to make it more
intelligible to the European lawyers.
The author was made the system analysis offeatures of purchases at level of subjects of the Russian Federation and municipal unions.
In this paper, we consider two types of preferences from preference logic and propose their interpretation in terms of formal concept analysis. We are concerned only with preferences between sets of attributes, or, viewed logically, between conjunctions of atomic formulas. We provide inference systems for the two types of preferences and study their relation to implications.
A monograph about Ikkyu Sojun (1394-1481), Japanese Zen monk, poet, artist, calligrapher and the embodiment of cultural and spiritual life of his time, Muromachi epoch.
Territorial development and attraction of investments is a priority task of authorities of all levels in the current economic situation. Demanding regions, a single-industry city, and also territories of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation require restoration and development. In the article special economic zones, territories of advanced social and economic development, zones of territorial development are considered. Particular attention is paid to special economic zones, including the history of their appearance, development and current status in the Russian Federation. An assessment of the quality of development tools and recommendations for their application in the territories of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation is given.
We offer a general approach to describing power indices that account for preferences as suggested by F. Aleskerov. We construct two axiomatizations of these indices. Our construction generalizes the Laruelle-Valenciano axioms for Banzhaf (Penrose) and Shapley-Shubik indices. We obtain new sets of axioms for these indices, in particular, sets without the anonymity axiom.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.