Отбор кадрового состава государственной гражданской службы: современные механизмы, принципы и процедуры
The book contains documents on structural changes, personnel, and key activities of the central apparatus of the Narkomat (People's Commissariat) for Finance of the USSR as well as its branches on the eve and during the Great Patriotic War. The documents cast new light on such issues as evacuation and re-evacuation of the Narkomfin (People's Commissariat for Finance), its staff activities in the wartime conditions, ways of solving complex personnel issues because of mass conscription of financial workers, restoration of financial work in areas liberated from the Nazi occupation. Particular documents reflect the Soviet financial practices of the realization of state revenue plans, tax collection, social support, and the work of the Goznak (Department of state papers production). The book ends with the decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the mass awarding of employees of the financial bodies.
В главе предлагается комплексный подход к оценке уровня доверия граждан государственным служащим, основанный на применении системы индексов, отражающих уровень доверия граждан к деятельности государственных служащих, включающей интегральный и многопараметрический индексы.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.