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Working paper

Причины оппортунистического поведения в иерархических структурах

What determines the ability of an employee to behave opportunistically within hierarchies? We suppose that the scope of his opportunism depends on special features of the task he performs, while the type of the task is related to the level of the hierarchy. So we analyze interdependence between the type of the task and ability to behave opportunistically within hierarchies, especially in state bureaucracies. To show this, we constructed a typology of tasks, based on two main criteria: presence of multiple goals and presence of multiple paths to achieve the goal. It resulted with five types of tasks providing different potential for the opportunistic behavior. We also consider such secondary factors as task features, specificity of the state bureaucracy, and institutional environment, which could influence the ability to behave opportunistically within hierarchies.