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Working paper

Stocktaking of national experiences in the calculation of R&D full-time equivalents: key findings and proposals for next steps

Fursov K., Auriol L.
The paper summarizes results of the stocktaking of national approaches to measuring full-time equivalents (FTE) of R&D personnel. The indicator is considered as one of the key measures used to estimate labor force in terms of time devoted to research activities. Beyond that use FTEs are also frequently utilized for estimating the R&D share of labor costs, funding and expenditure in the higher education sector as shown in this document. It is therefore important to know more precisely how FTEs are calculated in different countries. The stocktaking exercise received participation from 28 OECD and observer countries, which allowed summarizing national experiences and practices for measuring aggregates of R&D personnel. Generalization of this experience will help in developing internationally harmonized principles for FTE calculation.