Дефекты рынка, межотраслевые взаимодействия и промышленная политика в российской экономике
Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики , 2022. № 2.
The inefficient distribution of resources leads to a lower rate of economic growth and a lower level of social development compared to what can potentially be reached. This is due to distorting taxes and subsidies, and market imperfections. Market imperfections are the costs incurred by economic agents to overcome obstacles related to imperfections of competition, information asymmetry, and barriers to market access. The impact of market imperfections is determined by the structure of intersectoral relations. Market imperfections in the upstream part of production chain (intermediate goods production) bring larger distortions than market imperfections in the downstream part of production chain (closer to final goods). The coordination of the sectoral structure of taxes and subsidies with market imperfections can increase the efficiency of resource allocation in the economy and, thus, increase output and social welfare. The instrument of such improvement is the industrial policy, which contributes to a change in the sectoral structure of net taxes with respect to market imperfections. To what extent do the criteria of the industrial policy used in Russia contribute to a more efficient distribution of resources in the economy? What are the possibilities for improving it? In this article we use approach from Liu (2019) and Input-Output tables for Russia in 2016 to arrange sectors in accordance with the size of the effect of a subsidy of 1 ruble on aggregate output. The highest effect is in supporting sectors, producing productive services, for instance, car and equipment rental services; financial intermediation services; some transport services. It is shown that support for industries with a high proportion of intermediate products in output leads to an increase in aggregate output. Support of sectors with a high employment-to-value-added ratio leads to a decrease in aggregate output.
Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Серия 5. Экономика 2018 Т. 34 № 3 С. 439-464
Japan was the first Asian country to follow West Europe and the United States in commencing industrial development. In addition, Japan managed to implement an industrial system in a short period and reached significant results by the beginning of the 1890s. Therefore, it can be argued that the reformation of Japan in the first half ...
Added: October 21, 2018
Журнал Новой экономической ассоциации 2018 Т. 1 № 37 С. 203-212
The paper summarizes the studies on the mechanisms of Russian labor market. The subjects under consideration include unemployment and wages formation, relationship between key labor market variables and inflation, and labor market adjustment to negative shocks. We demonstrate that the general feature of Russian labor market isits high flexibility, which showsitself a gradual decline of ...
Added: April 17, 2018
Вопросы экономики 2018 № 6 С. 5-28
In this article we discuss modern conditions and new approaches to the implementation of industrial policy in the world and in Russia. Having considered a number of Russian cases, we have found such problems of politics as insufficient orientation at new drivers of changes, excessive fragmentation of directions, locality of the achieved results, poor selection ...
Added: September 11, 2018
Studies on Russian Economic Development 2016 Vol. 27 No. 1 P. 13-20
The paper discusses the possibility of evaluating the effectiveness of the government demand stim ulation for industrial products based on the input–output model. The study aims to simulate the impact of public policies based on a simple calculation using open data on the input–output balance. ...
Added: March 14, 2016
ЭКО 2014 № 11 С. 35-41
the article considers the main strategies of functioning of the Russian pharmaceutical industry, such as import substitution and localization of the production of medicines, promotion of innovative activities of pharmaceutical manufacturers and regulatory practices in the field of drug treatment. The author identifies the contemporary problems of the industry and justifies some priorities for improving ...
Added: November 20, 2014
Baltic RIM Economies Review 2016 No. 1 P. 38-39
Changes in geopolitical situation overall and the Russian macroeconomic trends have build up proconditions for the Russian economic policy to improve. Those the new pro-market reforms and an active industrial policy are nedeed in order to accelerate Russia's economic growth. A looming new Russian economic modei is likely to be more dirigiste and protectionist than ...
Added: December 8, 2018
Экономика в промышленности 2012 № 2 С. 23-31
Economic development of Singapore has become one of the vivid examples of transition of a developing country to the group of First World economies. Singapores economic success was achieved mainly due to the interventionist measures implemented by the government and embodied in industrial policy. This positive experience can be also of interest to Russia pursuing ...
Added: December 10, 2012
Вопросы экономики 2019 № 12 С. 47-71
China’s initiative about “One Belt, One Road” could be treated ambiguously. On the one hand, it is intended to transform the newly acquired economic potential of that country into her higher status in the world. China invites a lot of nations to build up gigantic transit corridors by joint efforts, and doing so she applies ...
Added: December 23, 2019
Вопросы теоретической экономики 2019 № 2 С. 62-81
The article reviews the historical experience of implementing economic development strategies in the context of F. List’s doctrine for the «promotion of industrial national education of the nation». Cases of imperial catch-up industrialization (Deutsches «second» Reich, Meiji era in Japan, post-reform tsarist Russia), contradictions of Latin American import substitution and South-East Asian export-led economic growth, ...
Added: October 30, 2019
Проблемы национальной стратегии 2012 № 3(12) С. 153-167
Economic development of Singapore has become one of the vivid examples of transition of a developing country towards a group of First World economies. Singapore's economic success was achieved mainly due to the interventionist measures implemented by the Government and embodied in the industrial policy. ...
Added: December 10, 2012
Terra Economicus 2014 Т. 12 № 1 С. 25-36
Clusters and cluster policy are becoming more and more popular economic instruments all around the world, instruments that can increase economic competitiveness of a country and promote its innovative growth. Cluster strategies are considered as an important tool of innovative development in many countries. Cluster approach is highly prospective: cluster formation and cluster development can ...
Added: June 5, 2014
Вклад нематериальных активов в экономический рост: как меняются оценки при переходе от СНС 1993 к СНС 2008?
Вклад нематериальных активов в экономический рост: как меняются оценки при переходе от СНС 1993 к СНС 2008? / Высшая школа экономики. Серия WP2 "Количественный анализ в экономике". 2021.
Investment in intangible assets is a significant growth driver in the knowledge economy. The work is devoted to assessing the contribution of intangible assets to economic growth. The paper discusses a change in the approach to accounting for intangible assets in the 2008 SNA compared to the 1993 SNA. The 2008 SNA involves expanding production ...
Added: April 10, 2021
Россия на пути к новой технологической промышленной политике: среди манящих перспектив и фатальных ловушек
Форсайт 2014 Т. 8 № 4 С. 6-23
The article aims to discuss the practical problems and inconsistencies of industrial policy in Russia since 2000, to analyze positive and negative experiences, and to draw up some lessons which are essential for a new technology-industrial policy. The evolution of approaches to industrial policy in Russia is considered, which results particularly in convergence between innovation and ...
Added: March 15, 2015
Секторальные особенности интеграции российской экономики в глобальные цепочки добавленной стоимости и следствия для структурной политики
Журнал Новой экономической ассоциации 2020 Т. 47 № 3 С. 106-127
Features of the country's integration into global production today best reflect its competitive advantages and growth prospects. This paper provides an analysis of long-term trends in the features of the integration of the Russian economy into global value chains (GVCs). Three cases of industrial upgrading in forestry, food and chemical industries are analyzed. In the ...
Added: September 28, 2020
Журнал Новой экономической ассоциации 2018 № 3 (39) С. 146-154
The article typologies the Russian industrial policy of the 2000s, discusses major initiatives in this area, as well as changes in the state’s approach to the industrial policy. The tendency of the state to implement vertical policy is noted; while horizontal mechanisms are often “verticalized” under the influence of traditional interest groups. The state actively ...
Added: September 20, 2018
Финансовый бизнес 2012 № 5 С. 25-30
Экономическое развитие Сингапура и других азиатских новых индустриальных стран (НИС) до сих пор вызывает интерес экономической науки. Особое место в работах, посвященных этому феномену, занимает вопрос о роли государства в экономических успехах Сингапура. Одним из ярких проявлений активного государственного вмешательства в экономику Сингапура стала промышленная политика. Несмотря на обширный инструментарий промышленной политики, с самого начала ...
Added: December 10, 2012
BRICS Journal of Economics 2020 Vol. 1 No. 1 P. 60-80
This paper is aimed at investigating the ways of overcoming imbalances concerning competition and industrial policies. The central principles of combining industrial and competition policies have been formulated on the basis of a discussion of challenges and opportunities for interaction in the field of industrial and competition policies in developing countries in general and BRICS in particular. When setting ...
Added: August 20, 2020
Проблемы и перспективы развития промышленности Санкт-Петербурга в контексте трансформации ее структуры
Региональная экономика: теория и практика 2012 № 23(254) С. 15-21
В статье показаны проблемы и перспективы структурных изменений промышленного комплекса Санкт-Петербурга, рассмотренные в контексте рыночных преобразований в экономике страны. Раскрыты основные причины, сдерживающие развитие промышленности в Санкт-Петербурге. Намечены направления долгосрочной стратегии развития промышленности города и задачи на среднесрочную перспективу. ...
Added: February 25, 2013
Национальные интересы: приоритеты и безопасность 2017 Т. 13 № 8 С. 1396-1414
Importance This article reviews discriminatory measures of the Western countries against Russia and Russia’s reciprocal response as protectionism for attaining the economic goals of the countries initiating the restrictions. Objectives The research specifies the existing terminology, demonstrates that sanctions can be imposed only by the supranational organization that has respective authority in relation to its members. We also ...
Added: September 4, 2021
Государственное управление. Электронный вестник 2021 № 84 С. 85-108
Работа фокусируется на оценке эффективности промышленной политики России в атомной отрасли в период с 2008 по 2019 годы. Для анализа эффективности промышленной политики используются концепции определения и инструментария промышленной политики К. Уорвика и концепции X-эффективности Х. Лейбенстайна. Формулируется концепция государственной промышленной политики в рамках российской атомной отрасли с учетом особенностей отраслевой правовой базы. Авторами выделяются ...
Added: July 2, 2021
L.: Elsevier, 2017
The book enriches the current discussion of smart specialization by placing it in a broader international context. Smart specialization in the european context displays several commonalities and differences when compared to other similar approaches in the world. By using a comparative perspective, the book aims to make further advances in the area of smart specialization, ...
Added: November 1, 2016
М.: Русский сувенир, 2010
Among key problems of strategic development of the Russian Federation – a gain of the advanced positions in a global competition, an exit on standards of a life of the developed countries. Methods of achievement of the proclaimed priorities among which predominate an emphasis on realisation of innovations and optimisation of use of regional and ...
Added: March 31, 2013
Вопросы экономики 2021 № 6 С. 77-102
We analyze the heterogeneous influence that monetary policy has on the growth rates of real personal income in 79 Russian regions over the period from 2Q2015 to 4Q2019, taking into account some of the channels of monetary policy transmission mechanism and spatial effects. The analysis was performed on the basis of panel data and a ...
Added: June 11, 2021
Russian Journal of Economics 2020 Vol. 6 No. 3 P. 258-276
Digital antitrust is at the forefront of all expert discussions and is far from becoming an area of consensus among researchers. Moreover, the prescriptions for developed countries do not fit well the situation in developing countries, and namely in BRICS: where the violator of antitrust laws is based compared to national firms becomes an important ...
Added: July 2, 2021