Peer Effects in Exogenously Formed University Student Groups
Высшая школа экономики , 2012. No. 03.
59041400, Poldin O. V., Yudkevich M. M.
We estimate the influence of classmates’ ability characteristics on student achievement in exogenously formed student groups. The study uses administrative data on undergraduate students at a large selective university in Russia. The presence of high-ability classmates has a positive effect on individual academic performance, and students at the top of the ability distribution derive the greatest benefit from their presence. An increase in the proportion of less able students has an insignificant or negative influence on individual grades.
, , , / Высшая школа экономики. Series SOC "Sociology". 2013. No. 15/SOC/2013.
Among the key issues of peer effects estimation is the correct identification of relevant peers. In this study, we explore how the individual performance of university students is influenced by characteristics and achievements of peers from individual’s social network. The analysis uses data from two directed networks: a network of friends and a network of ...
Added: March 14, 2013
, , , Вопросы образования 2012 № 3 С. 217-240
The authors analyze results of an empiric study of state identity of Saint-Petersburg higher education institutions’ graduates. The conclusion is validated in the article that a today’s type of graduate does not contribute to state identity formation, and its key elements (a cognitive, an emotional-evaluative, a regulatory-axiological and a behavioural ones) are disintegrated: strivings to ...
Added: November 21, 2012
, Вопросы образования 2010 № 3 С. 115-134
Quality teaching as integral quality of quality culture at colleges The article considers prerequisites and methodological presumptions inherent in the notion of quality culture, and argues for the necessity to more systematically include quality teaching maintenance in this notion. Presented are the goals, methods, and basic results of the first project «Supporting Quality Teaching in ...
Added: October 18, 2012
, , , Вопросы образования 2010 № 4 С. 247-267
D. Ju. Chugunov, K. B. Vasiliev, I. D. Froumin Introduction of applied bachelor programs in Russian education system: how and what for? Introduction of new technologies into production process has provoked various changes on the labor market: creation and demand increase for one professions and destruction of another jobs. Such situation issues the challenges for ...
Added: October 18, 2012
, Вопросы экономики 2003 № 7 С. 4-25
В статье анализируются данные о динамике ряда демографических показателей России: детских и подростковых возрастных когорт за период с 1970 по 2010 гг., продолжительности жизни за период с 1970 по 1995 гг., миграционных потоках между федеральными округами в период между переписями населения 1989 и 2002 гг. Высказываются гипотезы о связи этих показателей с состоянием образования в ...
Added: November 20, 2012
, , / Высшая школа экономики. Серия WP10 "Научные доклады Института институциональных исследований". 2014. № 1.
We consider the structure of social network of university students, and analyze factors that lead to the network formation. Using the data from student survey and administrative information, we estimate econometric models that assume homophily and propinquity effect on the likelihood of being friends. Specifically, we estimate linear probability models with and without fixed effects, ...
Added: December 26, 2014
Online Teaching and Learning in Higher Education during COVID-19: International Perspectives and Experiences
This timely volume documents the immediate, global impacts of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) on teaching and learning in higher education. Focusing on student and faculty experiences of online and distance education, the text provides reflections on novel initiatives, unexpected challenges, and lessons learned. Responding to the urgent need to better understand online teaching and learning during ...
Added: August 24, 2021
, Мир России: Социология, этнология 2020 Т. 29 № 2 С. 72-91
Views on the outcomes of the Russian academic excellence project 5-100 are completely polarized. Some universities have improved their performance. Analyzing data published on the o cial website of the project rea rms the optimistic conclusion about its outcomes. On the other hand, none of the universities included in the project has approached the desired ...
Added: April 8, 2020
, , et al., М. : Православный Свято-Тихоновский гуманитарный университет, 2015
В сборнике представлен ряд статей, выполненных в рамках работы иссле- довательского семинара «Социология религии» Православного Свято- Тихоновского гуманитарного университета. Подборка материалов охватывает широкий круг тем: религиозная социализация, влияние религии на рождае- мость, эффекты деятельности конфессиональныого университета, социальная сеть православной общины, социальный капитал приходов РПЦ, социальная деятельность церкви, эффекты религиозности в ценностно-нормативной сфере и ряд других. ...
Added: March 10, 2016
, Вестник Чувашского университета 2009 № 1 С. 190-196
This article deals with the specific characteristics of educational services rendered by institutions of higher education (universities). It focuses, at first, on the characteristics which are immanent to the services in general and then examines the specific characteristics of the educational services. In doing so, the author of the article considers the phenomenon from two ...
Added: April 11, 2013
, Higher Education in Russia and Beyond 2019 Vol. 21 No. 3 P. 11-12
This paper describes student research field trips as a new educational tool. These are intense, short-term trips by students and their teachers to do field work. Field work itself is not an innovation, but one of the main approaches to discover and understand the world. Geography, ethnography, and archeology are mainly based on field work. Some ...
Added: November 13, 2019
, Europe-Asia Studies 2012 Vol. 64 No. 10 P. 1893-1910
The introduction of the Unified State Examination (USE) in Russian higher education has been the subject of much debate. One of the primary factors hindering the transition has been ambivalent public and professional perceptions of the effectiveness of the USE in addressing the problems associated with inequalities of access to higher education. This essay contributes ...
Added: October 22, 2014
, , , Прикладная эконометрика 2014 № 34(2) С. 80-94
We estimate the correlation between student’s choice of specialization and the choices of the students connected by social ties. We use data on students of Economics department at one of the Russian universities and show that the choice is linked with the choice of friends as well as study assistants. The strongest effect is produced ...
Added: June 16, 2014
, , Studies in Higher Education 2014 Vol. 39 No. 3 P. 455-469
This paper analyses the current state of student representation in Russia as deeply rooted in the institutional structure of the Soviet higher education system. The study traces the origins of existing institutional arrangements for student representation at the level of university governance and analyses how representation practices have been transformed in post-Soviet Russia. It combines ...
Added: April 25, 2014
, Экономическая социология 2012 Т. 13 № 5 С. 102-128
The paper proposes a critical study focusing on the development of non-government higher education sector in Russia from new institutionalism perspective in economic sociology. Conditions under which private universities spread in other countries are identified. In some countries non-governmental universities successfully complement governmental ones, in some countries private universities displace state universities. Recent research shows ...
Added: December 3, 2012
, Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены 2017 № 3 С. 163-176
Based on the full-time enrollment data in the Russian universities in 2011—2016, the paper provides an analysis of gender-related preferences among the applicants. Specialties where the share of the representatives of the same gender exceeded two-thirds on a regular basis are marked as «male» or «female». Those specialties where there is relative parity of men ...
Added: November 2, 2019
Where Soviet and neoliberal discourses meet: the transformation of the purposes of higher education in Soviet and post-Soviet Russia
, Higher Education 2017 Vol. 74 No. 6 P. 1091-1108
This paper studies transformations in the role of higher education in Russia as represented in official Soviet and post-Soviet policy documents between the 1950s and 2013. The focus is on the categories defining the purposes and tasks of higher education in the larger context of society and economy. There is a basic dichotomy in relation ...
Added: February 21, 2017
, Локус: люди, общество, культуры, смыслы 2016 № 1 С. 86-96
The main reason the so-called "crisis of education" covers not only the rap-id changes in the system of knowledge and technology, but also the changes in the labor market, the prevalence of atypical employment. As a result, the univer-sity, by definition, can not train a specialist, fully satisfying the requirements of the employer. For example, ...
Added: September 4, 2016
, Высшее образование в России 2015 № 10 С. 75-84
The article is devoted to the imaginary and the real challenges facing universities in connection with the problem of matching between skills of graduates and skills demanded by employers. It shows that the labor market demand is indirect, not a direct reference point for universities, and can best be satisfied if a University in its ...
Added: September 24, 2015
, , et al., М. : МАКС Пресс, 2020
The book illustrates practices of Russian magistracy cases in regional and leading universities. The authors covered core issues, models and development points of the master's institute in Russia. Prospects for its development were also indicated. The paperwork presents the cases of graduate schools, magistracy design in the context of changing norms, rules and institutions at Russian universities. This research is ...
Added: May 17, 2020
, , Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены 2020 № 5 С. 540-558
Creating an inclusive society means creating an environment that would help people, including people with disabilities, realize their potential. Higher education institutions play a special role: they are required to have higher availability standards; and it does not only involve architectural and technical requirements but also a totally inclusive education and social environment that would ...
Added: November 9, 2020
, Russian Education and Society 2014 Vol. 56 No. 10 P. 3-23
An analysis of interviews with representatives of different generations shows the continuing importance of a family's social and cultural status in influencing educational aspirations and the choice of a profession. ...
Added: December 5, 2014
Маркетизация сферы образования и брендинг университетов. Рецензия на книгу: Пападимитриу А. (ред.) «Конкуренция брендов и маркетинга в сфере высшего образования»
, Вопросы образования 2019 № 4 С. 294-306
The volume reviewed provides a critical examination of contemporary trends in the marketization of higher education and university branding. Being bound to respond to external challenges, in particular seek additional sources of finance in the context of reduced public funding, universities are increasingly more likely to adopt governance and development practices from businesses. The book ...
Added: December 13, 2019
, , Педагогика 2019 Т. 83 № 5 С. 39-46
Abstract. Th e paper analyzes the most important aspects of the relationship between educational institutions and the labor market, identifi es key problems and makes proposals for improving the convergence of these two markets. Among other problems in the relationship between the higher education and the labor market, there is an imbalance in the demand ...
Added: June 25, 2019