Влияние сокращения срока срочной службы в армии на спрос на высшее образование
The article analyzes the postwar mass campaign in the U.S. for the return the army home and against the adoption by Congress of the law of peacetime conscription and compulsory military training.
The article deals with some issues of the military records in the Russian Federation, for example, a procedure of military records and its types, rights and duties of persons being subject to conscription and controversial issues of the legal regulation of the conscription.
Issues of better access to higher education in various countries increasingly fit specific consistent patterns as desired results are achieved: from positive effects in the initial stages to problems that prevent growth in the number of students in the state-subsidized segment at subsequent stages, including the rigid regulation by the state. To confirm similar processes against the background of the demographic problems in Russia affecting the number of students, an empirical analysis was performed to reveal the factors influencing a surge in demand on the basis of an assessment of the correlation of a higher education resource base, production, and the industrial capacity of a region’s development. This study shows successive stages of change in the public demand for higher education and confirms the justified consequences of the transition to decisive actions pertaining to the optimization of educational, material, technical, financial, and intellectual resources.
In the article are discussed basic issues of the procedure of the conscription in Russian Federation, fox example work of the conscription commission, rights and duties persons subject to conscription and also controversial issues of the regulatory of the conscription.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.