“Ideal University” As Viewed By “University People”: Experience In Reconstructing The Value Categories Of Research And Pedagogical Activities Based On Interviews In The 2010s
This article is devoted to the problem of relationship between the government and the academic staff of the Moscow University in Russia during the years from 1908 to 1911. The research is based on the diary of historian A.N.Savin. It is an attempt to reconstruct the attitude of the university staff to the government policy and to reveal the most complicated and painful questions in the university life. Among all - it is a problem of relationship and mutual understanding between the student and academic body, the intelligentsia question of moral authority. Those events in Russian academic life and the mass resignation of the professors from Moscow University seemed to be the first «purge» of the intellectuals in Russia in the XXth century.
In the book, the authors collected the richest history material from the funds of the regional, city and family archives of relatives and living witnesses to the formation of ambulance stations in Kostroma. History and memories can be interesting to doctors, historians, social activists and everyone involved in the history of the Ambulance station of Kostroma.
Based on extensive collection of interviews with Soviet, mostly - Ukrainian, - Jews born before the World War II, the essay examines the problem of religious observance and attitudes to it before and after the war concentrating on the circumcision, the first rite of passage, primal in Judaism and exceedingly dangerous during the Holocaust.
The article focuses on the limits of using oral history methods in the research of academic communities. The authors analyze the language and ways of self-description used by modern Russian academic community. The study is based on the interviews of Post-Soviet university professors, which helps to clarify what is the concept of tradition for them, what is the origin of their individual memories, and how these memories correspond to the collective perceptions of the ideal university.
In Chapter discusses the origins of oral history and the formation of oral history as a scientific direction. In addition to the Genesis of oral history in Western Europe and the USA, understand the basic stages and directions of development of the oral tradition in the USSR and modern Russia. It shows the specificity of oral sources, including rumors. Understanding the features of collecting and interpreting verbal materials.
The monograph is devoted to the oral history of the events of World War II. Eyewitness survivors of the dramatic events - from the Finnish Occupation of Soviet Karelia to the experienc of Ukrainian and Russian Ostarbaiters who worked in German labor camps, children in concentration camps, - represent the other side of the war, voiced not only by those who fought at the front, but also lived and worked at this difficult time.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.