Research Careers: Conceptual Frameworks And Actual Practices
Высшая школа экономики , 2018. No. 87.
The paper analyzes the existing approaches to the concept of scientific career, as well as career patterns of PhD holders. The authors consider the choice of alternative career options that do not involve a strict hierarchy or a clear understanding of where a person’s career path will take him. Taking into account the approaches developed earlier in the framework of the sociology of science, the sociology of employment and the theory of life cycles, as well as on the basis of the results of modern empirical research, including the results of the international project “Careers of Doctorate Holders (CDH)” (OECD, Eurostat, UNESCO Institute for Statistics), the authors propose a new model of academic career and identify the main factors, allowing to assess the success of a career. The model was tested on the data obtained during a survey among Russian researchers involving 828 respondents aged between 30 and 49 and employed by universities, research institutes, organizations of engineering services, industrial enterprises, medical centers and clinics. The analysis revealed 5 main factors determining the research career: recognition in the academic community; application of the scientific results in practice; implementation of research interests; formal criteria for successful employment (salary and level of position); mobility (including international). The results of the study confirmed the initial hypothesis that the factors affecting career success can be classified by their significance for the individual / for the professional community / for society as a whole.
, , / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2015. No. 39.
The paper proposes one of the first attempts to conceptualize the “human capital” in science and technology gatekeeping in Russia, based on obtaining sociological data on real active subjects. The study strives to provide analytical information on the specific characteristics and stances of individuals making a decisive contribution to the development of strategic areas in ...
Added: June 9, 2015
Мобильность как инновационная составляющая человеческого капитала: влияние на доход и на склонность к инновациям
, Уровень жизни населения регионов России 2012 № 12 С. 120-128
The article how labor mobility, including not only shown in the market but also potential mobility, influences on the wages of the employee and his propensity to innovate. Thus, using data from the own survey, the author analyses how mobility is rewarded in the labor market and whether mobile workers are more active in the ...
Added: December 17, 2012
, , , / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2017. No. 74.
The paper explores the composition of researchers' skillsets in an innovation-driven environment from the perspective of employers. The authors analyze the relation between skills requirements described in job advertisements for researchers and the presumed innovation culture of companies. The study is based on job advertisements content analysis and in-depth interviews with chiefs of research and ...
Added: October 13, 2017
Cheltenham : Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019
This book analyses the dynamics of regional migration governance and accounts for why, how and with what effects states cooperate with each other in diverse forms of regional grouping on aspects of international migration, displacement and mobility. The book develops a framework for analysis of comparative regional migration governance to support a distinct and truly ...
Added: October 10, 2019
, Экономическая социология 2021 Т. 22 № 2 С. 109-138
Equipping students with employability skills has become a novel mission of universities since the late XX century. Discussion on how to make students more job-ready has appeared as a core of the education policy agenda. The roots of job readiness agenda in higher education (HE) are mostly studied through the lens of changes in the ...
Added: February 18, 2021
, , , Foresight and STI Governance 2016 Vol. 10 No. 2 P. 44-56
The continuous growth of investment in R&D in Russia and the world increases the demand for optimal allocation of public funds to support the most productive scientific performers. These are, however, hard to conceptualize and measure. First, we need to consider the nature of research activity itself and, second, we need to evaluate a number ...
Added: June 21, 2016
, , / National Research University Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". 2019. No. 103.
Mobility of highly qualified personnel between countries and regions is closely related to the issue of the effective distribution of human resources and the prospects for the innovative development of the state. The focus of this study is the interregional mobility of Russian researchers: the geographical movements of scientists between different regions (subjects of the ...
Added: November 13, 2019
, Журнал исследований социальной политики 2018 Т. 16 № 2 С. 311-326
Based on the data of 25th wave of RLMS HSE (2016), the article considers such an important element of workers’ human potential as their physiological resource, which is operationalized through indicators of age and health (including presence of disabilities, 23 types of chronic diseases and self-assessments of health). The traditions in this area, in particular ...
Added: August 28, 2018
Zürich : London Research Press, 2013
The world is changing. From shopping malls to transport terminals, aircraft to passenger ships, the infrastructure of society has to cope with ever more intense and complex flows of people. Today, more than ever, safety, efficiency and comfort are issues that must be addressed by all designers. The World Trade Centre disaster brought into tragic ...
Added: January 17, 2014
, The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies 2019 Vol. 14 No. 4 P. 19-50
The literature tends to neglect the role of individuals in formal skills training in Russia during the period of economic growth between 2001 and 2014. The present study addresses this oversight. Although to a certain extent, studies have associated the prosperous years of recent economic growth in Russia with training, they have not considered that the Russian population ...
Added: March 11, 2020
, Социологические исследования 2020 № 10 С. 71-83
The jobs of professionals in modern Russia are extremely heterogeneous and differentiated not only by industry, but also by opportunities they offer their employees, as well as by requirements for the knowledge, experience and personal characteristics of them. Because of this, not all the jobs of professionals can be described as forming structural prerequisites for ...
Added: January 26, 2021
, Экономическая социология 2017 Т. 18 № 4 С. 120-156
The present paper is aimed at considering the evolution of human capital theory. Drawing on the wide range of classical and recent studies, the author shows the link between changes in economies of industrially developed countries and the development of the human capital theory revealed in the expanded list of indicators measuring human capital. The ...
Added: October 2, 2017
, , Социологические исследования 2018 № 5 С. 84-98
The article analyzes dynamics of some indicators of the human capital of Russians in the context of changes in the relations between employees and employers. It is shown that the general vector of these changes is the shift of balance of power between them in favor of employers, which has led to non-compliance with the ...
Added: August 29, 2018
, , Общественные науки и современность 2018 № 3 С. 17-32
The article shows that the educational level of Russian workers is quite high though the overwhelming majority of them do not have professional education for their job or education in adjacent areas (except for training directly at a workplace). Moreover, they do not seek professional training and do not attempt to receive it in any ...
Added: August 30, 2018
, , , Вопросы образования 2010 № 2 С. 118-135
Hindering competitors learning and «Trojan education» in social interactions One of the most efficient ways to render a competitor unable to cope with the rapidly changing world is to taper with their ability to learn new activities. In education sphere, the competition takes the form of obstructing a competitors learning, or of «Trojan education»: the ...
Added: October 18, 2012
, , , Вестник Российского фонда фундаментальных исследований. Гуманитарные и общественные науки 2019 № 4 С. 39-47
The common indicators of human capital of Russian blue collars are typical for the post-Soviet countries, but are highly dispersed by age groups, industries, and types of settlement. Still, these indicators are very low for 75% of Russian blue collars, while the rest have quite high-quality human capital and constitute a talent pool for a ...
Added: January 30, 2020
Проблемы развития информационного общества и социально-инновационного благополучия современной России: Всероссийская научно-практическая конференция (2011; Волгоград)
М., Волгоград : Центр прикладных научных исследований, 2011
Сборник содержит материалы по проблемам социального развития современного российского общества, перспективам, субъектам и институтам защиты социального благополучия, актуальным проблемам развития современного информационного общества, представлен анализ проблем социального позиционирования. ...
Added: July 26, 2012
Bratislava : NISPAcee Press, 2019
Presented Papers from the 27th NISPAcee Annual Conference May 24-26, 2019, Prague, Czech Republic Organized in cooperation with the Charles University, Prague and Masaryk University, Brno Published by NISPAcee Press www.nispa.org ...
Added: September 29, 2019
, Global journal of multidiciplinary studies (India, ISSN:-2348-0459, Impact Factor 1,927 2014 Vol. 3 No. 11 P. 31-60
The author deconstructs the prevailing controversial conceptualization of nonprofit marketing and concludes it rests on three principles: voluntary exchange, an open system organization, and self-interest motivation. Negative cases analysis of these principles revealed that alternative principles were ignored in the social science literature. Based on a qualitative analysis and critical hermeneutic approach a revised conceptualization ...
Added: November 2, 2014
Социология инноватики: социальные и культурные условия модернизации. Доклады и выступления Четвертой международной конференции по социологии инноватики
М. : Российская государственная академия интеллектуальной собственности, 2012
В материалах конференции обсуждается роль наук социо-гуманитарного блока в разработке мер и рекомендаций, способствующих повышению эффективности осуществляемых в России преобразований, активизации использования творческих ресурсов общества, в том числе в сфере интеллектуальной собственности. ...
Added: November 16, 2012
, , Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2016 № 3 С. 71-89
From the mid-2000 the specter of hunger and shortages began to fade away. Paradoxically, in that context, the concept of “food security” became a central reference in political discourses. Simultaneously, the negotiations for Russia’s accession to the WTO were conducted. This concept appeared earlier in the 1990’s on the marginal wings of the political spectrum, ...
Added: September 30, 2016
Когнитивные технологии в нейроэкономике: возможности инфраструктуры виртуальной логистики для устойчивого развития homo socialis в «квантовом» обществе
, Логистика сегодня 2014 № 3 С. 164-171
В статье проанализирована эволюция человеческого капитала: от homo economicus к homo socialis. Показана ключевая роль homo socialis в формировании «квантового» общества. Выявлены элементы теории нейроэкономического разнообразия в «квантовом» обществе. Показаны современное состояние и перспективы развития когнитивных технологий и инфраструктуры виртуальной логистики. ...
Added: September 3, 2014
, , Социологические исследования 2004 № 1 С. 131-133
Осенью 2002 г. Государственный университет - Высшая школа экономики в рамках федеральной целевой программы "Развитие единой образовательной информацион- ной среды (2002-2006 гг.)" начал крупный проект по созданию федерального образовательно- го портала по экономике, социологии и менеджменту. Портал был открыт для пользователей в январе 2003 г. Вскоре он стал одним из наиболее посещаемых сайтов в образовательном ...
Added: August 23, 2012
, , , Вопросы образования 2014 № 3 С. 54-73
Представлен и протестирован способ реорганизации студенческих учебных групп с помощью анализа социальных сетей (Social Network Analysis, SNA). Задача, сформулированная администрацией факультета менеджмента НИУ ВШЭ (Санкт-Петербург), состояла в том, чтобы сформировать на основе имеющихся четырех учебных групп 2‑го курса бакалавриата три новые. Главным условием выступало сохранение сложившихся дружеских и деловых отношений между студентами. Технические требования состояли ...
Added: September 18, 2014