Институты как драйвер развития инноваций в российском регионе: опыт Республики Татарстан
Makarov S., Абзалилова Л. Р.
Innovations are becoming critical for the sustainable development of the Russian Federation (RF). Most of the articles on innovative development concern a country level missing some of the essential regional-scale factors. The subject of the analysis in this article is the functioning of the regional innovation system and the specifi c features of the instruments and institutions of innovation policy that provide incentives for innovation processes at the regional level. Within the framework of this study, the main characteristics, stages of evolution and SWOT-analysis of the innovation system of one of the leading regions in innovation development in the RF – the Republic of Tatarstan (RT) – are highlighted. The main historical and political reasons for the formation of key features of the regional innovation system are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to assessing the effectiveness of the regional innovation policy and identifying risks associated with its implementation. The main conclusion of the study is the thesis that subnational institutions that use indirect (soft) tools to stimulate innovation activity, to a signifi cant extent, form the innovative environment and become decisive in interregional competition. In our opinion, such institutional innovations were defi ning at the analyzed period. Among the key factors for the successful development of innovations in the Russian regions, the important role is played by coordinated activities of government brunches at all levels and the effectiveness of the organization of a dialogue between government and business. The fi ndings of the study are based on the analysis of federal and regional statistics, various Russian and international ratings, the results of the previous studies and a series of informal interviews with experts and participants in innovative processes in Tatarstan.
, , , Экономическое возрождение России 2015 № 1(43) С. 96-115
The article is discussing the methodology of regional innovation system formation and development. The indicators of regional innovation system potential and effectiveness are also analysed. The methodology is based upon the results of the survey of enterprises and organizations in St.-Petersburg. Four dimensions are examined: innovation-based projects, innovation products, innovation market and innovation infrastructure. The ...
Added: April 22, 2015
, Вестник Университета (Государственный университет управления) 2015 № 9 С. 30-36
The article discusses the features of the organization and development of innovation clusters in the region on the basis of cluster initiatives. This process is fundamentally different from the organization of the cluster based on cluster policy. The specifics of the process required to research the life cycle of cluster organization on the basis of ...
Added: December 2, 2018
, , Economy of Region 2021 Vol. 17 No. 1 P. 223-234
Universities play a crucial role in local economies, providing educational services and participating in research and development. This is particularly important for Russia where regions are highly differentiated in terms of both socio-economic development and technological progress and innovations. However, many regional universities in Russia have traditionally focused primarily on teaching, with less emphasis on ...
Added: October 1, 2020
Интернет вещей: информационное обеспе-чение инновационной деятельности предприятий как ключевой фактор их конкурентоспособности
, Экономика и бизнес: теория и практика 2015 № 8 С. 146-148
Information support for innovation is becoming increasingly important for the development of innovative enterprises. Among the variety of technologies currently stand out technology associated with the Internet of things. They have a unique impact on the production of goods and services, their consumption, addressing economic and social issues and the development of the world economy. ...
Added: November 9, 2015
, , et al., М.: ЗАО "Издательство "Экономика", 2014
The book addresses issues of strengthening innovation in energy companies, related to the implementation of integrated solutions, including technological, organizational and socio-economic innovation: the introduction of elements of the smart grid, low power, control mechanisms energy deman ...
Added: October 31, 2015
, , Nature 2013 Vol. 501 P. 313-314
Many of us believe that science is indispensable for generating innovation, and that innovation is a basis for manufacturing, which, in turn, is a must for the economy. But is the road that straight? In truth, it takes decades to recognize the fruits of scientific discovery and economic activity. Leonid Gokhberg and Dirk Meissner compare ...
Added: September 24, 2013
, , Экономика и управление в машиностроении 2016 Т. 43 № 1 С. 25-31
The article examines and analyzes the motivational mechanism of innovation processes and innovation. Examines and analyzes the personal motives for innovation, the motives of large manufacturers to implement innovations, social and economic foundations of innovation. The analysis of individual motives for innovation. Considered and analyzed the social and economic foundations of innovation. The question of ...
Added: May 25, 2016
Entry into Export Markets as an Incentive to Innovate. Evidence from the Russian Manufacturing Industry Survey
, , , Entry into Export Markets as an Incentive to Innovate. Evidence from the Russian Manufacturing Industry Survey / Высшая школа экономики. Series EC "Economics". 2011. No. 11.
This paper examines how export and export destination stimulates innovation by Russian manufacturing firms. The discussion is guided by the theoretical models for heterogeneous firms engaged in international trade which predict that, because more productive firms generate higher profit gains, they are able to afford high entry costs, and trade liberalization encourages the use of ...
Added: August 29, 2012
Understanding cross border innovation activities: The linkages between innovation modes, product architecture and firm boundaries
, , et al., Journal of Business Research 2020 P. 1-8
The mirroring hypothesis highlights the correspondence of design characteristics across different architectural levels and in this paper, we consider how mirroring may impact the distribution of national and international innovation activities of firms. We identify incremental and modular innovations (as product architecture reinforcing innovations) along with architectural and radical innovations (as innovations that overturn the ...
Added: February 27, 2020
, , , 2021 Vol. 41 No. 7-8 P. 489-511
Knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) significantly contribute to the economic growth and competitive advantage of emerging markets, including Silk Road countries. KIBS are not only intermediaries that transfer knowledge through the economy but are also innovators themselves. This paper aims to explore how major innovation drivers influence the implementation of innovation in KIBS. Using a sample ...
Added: January 30, 2019
, Инновационная деятельность 2016 № 3 С. 14-22
The article analyzes the relation between sharing innovative technology ideas and encouraging an innovation-driven economy. The main objective is to identify the trends in the causal links between these phenomena. The relevance of the issue is accounted for by the need to select political tools for encouraging economic modernization and transition to innovative development. The ...
Added: January 25, 2017
Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies. Revised papers presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhattan, Sweden
University West, 2017
This antology consists of 28 revised papers, first presented and discussed at the 20th Anniversary Uddevalla Symposium 2017 on " Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies" , which was held at University West, Trollhattan, Sweden on 15-17 June 2017. ...
Added: October 19, 2018
, , et al., М.: НИУ ВШЭ, 2016
В настоящем сборнике отражены результаты статистических обследований, характеризующих инновационные процессы в экономике страны. В динамике представлены сводные показатели, определяющие уровень развития технологических и нетехно-логических инноваций, разработанные в соответствии с современными международными стандартами ОЭСР и Евростата. В публи-кации приводятся статистические данные, отражающие инновационную активность организаций промышленного производства и ряда отраслей сферы услуг. Подробно рассмотрены ресурсное обеспечение ...
Added: March 1, 2016
, , , Экономическая политика 2021 Т. 16 № 4 С. 104-143
The study discusses the relationship between competition and innovation in low-tech and high-tech industries in transition economies. The analysis is based on the World Bank’s Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS) =for manufacturing industries in 32 countries and includes 8,686 observations. We find an inverted U-shaped relationship between competition and R&D expenditure =for low-technology industries, and a ...
Added: September 8, 2021
, Экономическая наука современной России 2016 Т. 72 № 1 С. 28-38
Knowledge production function displays the relationship between firm innovative efforts and its results obtained in form of useful knowledge. Analysis of the function allows a better understanding of firm innovation activity for better management of corporate resources. The current paper presents an overview of significant studies on this topic. The paper briefly describes evolution of ...
Added: October 24, 2013
M.: -, 2013
The book contains articles considering various aspects of the analysis: macroeconomic, regional, sectoral, cross-cultural, etc. The current problems are analyzed: new ways of the development of space activities in the form of public-private partnerships, the opportunities for social responsibility programs in various sectors of the economy, as well as the sustainability of economic growth in ...
Added: November 17, 2013
, Каз.: Изд-во Казанского инновационного ун-та им. В. Г. Тимирясова (ИЭУП), 2016
The boor develops a new approach to the study of social reality in its denamics based on the revealing of connections between social and anthropological phenomena. The fundament of the approach is synergic anthropology, in the frame work of which the apparatus for the description and analysis or the "colonization" of the interface of the ...
Added: September 20, 2017
Innovation Impact Analysis Model in the Education System (On the Example of Regional Innovative Projects)
, , , Revista ESPACIOS 2018 Vol. 39 No. 2 P. 1-22
The significance and relevance of the study are due to the fact, that in the context of innovatization of the education system, the issues of managing innovations and their effects remain unsettled: a consistent and generally accepted concept of innovative activity in education is missing; there’s no conventional thesaurus of innovative activity; innovation validity criteria, ...
Added: January 16, 2018
Инновационная система России в преддверии VI долгосрочного кондратьевского цикла: возможности и ограничения
, Национальные интересы: приоритеты и безопасность 2019 Т. 15 № 3 (372) С. 509-520
Subject Things change rapidly in all sectors of the economy, causing that advanced economies lag behind those economic entities which neglect innovative S&T ideas, their completion, slowly adapt to new circumstances, being reluctant to ensure a smooth, flexible and mutually beneficial interaction of economic agents. Currently, Russia demonstrates such trends and sluggish development. Objectives The research identifies issues ...
Added: August 22, 2021
, , Values and Attitudes towards Innovation among Canadian, Chinese and Russian Students / Высшая школа экономики. Series SOC "Sociology". 2012. No. 04/SOC/2012.
This study investigated relations of basic personal values to attitudes towards innovation among students in Russia, Canada, and Сhina. Participants completed a questionnaire that included the SVS measure of values (Schwartz, 1992) and a new measure of attitudes towards innovation (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009). There are significant cultural and gender-related differences in value priorities and innovative ...
Added: August 28, 2012
, , Инновации 2015 № 11 С. 64-74
Modern development of regional innovations is influenced by two trends: the increasing role of global connections and the persistent importance of geographical proximity of actors. This dual nature of spatial factor in regional innovations and the need to take into account multilevel dimensions ranging from local to global, foregrounds the need to study the phenomenon, ...
Added: February 19, 2016
, , in: 17th Annual Conference of the European Society for the History of Economic Thought. ESHET. .: Лондон: [б.и.], 2013.. P. 115-116.
The modern concept of modernizing Russia somehow reproduce the history of the theory of innovation. The theory of innovation in its development has gone through a least 3 stages. In the first phase (1910 - first half of the 40s) to the forefront issues of understanding the nature of innovation and their role in the ...
Added: November 20, 2013
, Лизинг. Технологии бизнеса 2013 № 8 С. 25-33
In this article the author dwells on the major categories of competition theory. Shows that the modern market economy - is a daunting, multi-level system, which includes a large number of different structures (industrial, institutional, commercial, financial, marketing, information, etc.), which are constantly interacting in the national and international regulatory and legal framework. Recently, the ...
Added: November 20, 2013
, Innovations as Public Goods Provision with Negative Externalities: Role of Parliamentarism / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series PS "Political Science". 2012. No. 06/PS/2012.
Technological innovations are inherently problematic (risky, uncertain, possess public goods properties (enhances free-riding since it is easy to steal), but once they succeed, they create negative externalities for incumbents in the form of economic resources redistribution. Economic resources are convertible into political power. Therefore, economic redistribution might eventually result in political power redistribution. Those who ...
Added: February 18, 2013