THE ROLE OF UNIVERSITIES IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN REGIONS
Высшая школа экономики , 2017. No. 41.
Egorov A., Leshukov O., Gromov A.
This paper analyses the contribution of higher education institutions (HEI) in Russia to gross regional product (GRP) growth. We explore the relationship between higher education coverage and rates of economic growth based on longitudinal economic growth models which are pooled regression, fixed effects, and regression with simultaneous fixed and spatial effects. In addition to the influence of HEI on economic growth, the model specifications also allow an investigation of the relationship between the territory accessibility of higher education and GRP growth, and the significance of higher education in regions with different structures of GRP. The main policy outcome of the paper is that universities can be considered as fully-fledged economic agents which make positive contributions to GRP growth. The development of regional higher education systems would lead to a positive effect on regional economic development.
Пространственно-эконометрическое моделирование экономического роста российских регионов: имеют ли значение институты?
, , Экономическая политика 2021 Т. 16 № 2 С. 34-59
Регионы одной и той же страны, как правило, не развиваются независимо, а влияют друг на друга. При моделировании экономической динамики регионов необходимо учитывать это взаимное влияние, поскольку, например, при росте одного из регионов соседние регионы могут также расти (благодаря кооперации) или наоборот, замедляться (из-за конкуренции) или никак не реагировать. Пропуск соответствующих переменных (пространственных факторов) может ...
Added: August 5, 2021
, , et al., / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2018.
This paper analyses the link between the efficiency of regional higher education systems and the rates of regional economic development between 2012 and 2015 in Russia. The efficiency scores are calculated at the institutional level using a double-bootstrap data envelopment analysis (DEA) procedure, taking into account the different internal characteristics of universities which may affect ...
Added: November 26, 2018
, , , Yoshkar-Ola : ООО «Полиграфическое предприятие Центр Принт», 2010
In the publication we describe Russian regional markets of higher education. We consider the following indicators of the markets: size in terms of students per 10 000 of population; its institutional structure – number of public and private institutions, universities and their local branches; program diversity; level and dynamics of tuition fees during recent years; ...
Added: November 27, 2012
L. : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015
Academic inbreeding - hiring and promoting one's own graduates - is generally seen as a negative for academic quality and for universities - it is considered as unhealthy for universities as it is in the natural world. Yet it is remarkably widespread across the globe. This book is the first full scale international analysis of ...
Added: November 6, 2014
, / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2014. No. WP BRP 50/EC/2014.
The purpose of this study is to identify the spatial effects of the main macroeconomic indicators of the eastern and western regions of Russia. These regions differ significantly in population density and the distances between cities. The main research question we are interested in is the following: how are events occurring in one of the ...
Added: February 7, 2014
Сравнительная характеристика систем высшего образования зарубежных стран: конкурентные методы финансирования
, , et al., Экономика образования 2013 № 1 С. 53-73
Исследованы схемы финансирования высшего образования, ориентированные на введение конкурентных механизмов регулирования распределения средств. При сравнительном анализе различных схем финансирования государственного сектора высшего образования основное внимание уделяется механизмам финансирования образовательных учреждений стран ОЭСР, Евросоюза и других ведущих стран мира. Оценены возможности их применения, выявлены преимущества, ограничения и риски. Проанализированы изменения и современные направления в развитии механизмов ...
Added: March 27, 2013
Monitoring the Performance of Educational Institutions: A Spur for the Implementation of Systemic Changes in Higher Education. Part One
, , Russian Education and Society 2016 Vol. 58 No. 4 P. 260-282
The article discusses the deployment of a comprehensive reporting and monitoring framework used to evaluate the performance of state and private higher education institutions in Russia. By referring to diversified indicators including organizational, financial and economic, training, research, graduate employment, and other metrics, the authors spotlight key developments taking place in the Russian higher education ...
Added: February 17, 2017
, , et al., / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP10 "Научные доклады Института институциональных исследований". 2013.
This paper is a Russian report about the research in the framework of the international project "the Changing academic profession". It is an impressive one-of-a-kind research endeavor that examines the academic profession across 20 countries, including Russia. It collected knowledge and data about systems of higher education, functions, productivity and attitudes of the academics in ...
Added: February 20, 2014
, , / Высшая школа экономики. Серия WP10 "Научные доклады Института институциональных исследований". 2014. № 1.
We consider the structure of social network of university students, and analyze factors that lead to the network formation. Using the data from student survey and administrative information, we estimate econometric models that assume homophily and propinquity effect on the likelihood of being friends. Specifically, we estimate linear probability models with and without fixed effects, ...
Added: December 26, 2014
, , Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2019 Т. 23 № 1 С. 143-172
The paper analyses determinants of efficiency of Russian universities. The analysis is based on the data from annual monitoring of performance of higher education institutions conducted by the Ministry of Education and Science. Special attention is paid to the factors that are associated with public policy in the sphere of higher education. In order to ...
Added: March 19, 2019
P. : ACPI, 2017
Added: September 27, 2017
, , Russian Education & Society 2018 Vol. 60 No. 5 P. 402-421
We investigate the main question of whether higher education institutions are able to increase their performance due to mergers, takeovers, or organizational restructuring. The problem of measuring performance when there are several “output” and “input” indicators can currently be solved by recourse to a proven data analysis method (data envelopment analysis, DEA). Two models are ...
Added: August 27, 2018
, , Педагогика 2019 Т. 83 № 5 С. 39-46
Abstract. Th e paper analyzes the most important aspects of the relationship between educational institutions and the labor market, identifi es key problems and makes proposals for improving the convergence of these two markets. Among other problems in the relationship between the higher education and the labor market, there is an imbalance in the demand ...
Added: June 25, 2019
, / University of Groningen. Series GD "GGDC Research Memorandum". 2012. No. 123.
Russia is an important part of the world economy both now and in the past. Indeed, one would expect an abundance of studies on Russian economic development. In the past, growth and performance in planned economies vis-à-vis the Western world did attract much attention. These types of studies contributed to two revolutions of development thinking, ...
Added: November 15, 2012
Where Soviet and neoliberal discourses meet: the transformation of the purposes of higher education in Soviet and post-Soviet Russia
, Higher Education 2017 Vol. 74 No. 6 P. 1091-1108
This paper studies transformations in the role of higher education in Russia as represented in official Soviet and post-Soviet policy documents between the 1950s and 2013. The focus is on the categories defining the purposes and tasks of higher education in the larger context of society and economy. There is a basic dichotomy in relation ...
Added: February 21, 2017
, , , Applied Economics 2015 Vol. 47 No. 44 P. 4728-4740
Social influence is an important factor in learning and decision-making. We estimate peer influence on student choice of specialization using data on undergraduate students of a Russian university. Information about individual social ties has been gathered from a questionnaire survey. We show that specialization choice is significantly influenced by friends as well as by study ...
Added: July 2, 2015
, , / НИУ ВШЭ. Серия WP15 "Научные труды Лаборатории исследований рынка труда". 2015.
The article is devoted to the impact of university quality on graduates’ wages. We defined the quality of the university according to an average applicant’s Unifi ed State Exam (USE) enrollment rate combining data from Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS HSE) and HSE Monitoring of the quality of enrollment in Russian universities (2011–2013). Authors combined ...
Added: November 27, 2015
Monitoring the Performance of Educational Institutions: A Spur for the Implementation of Systemic Changes in Higher Education. Part Two
, , Russian Education and Society 2016 Vol. 58 No. 4 P. 283-298
The article discusses a comprehensive reporting and monitoring framework used to evaluate the performance of state and private higher education institutions. By analyzing diversified indicators including regulatory compliance, organizational and economic indicators, training and research, and other metrics, the authors spotlight key developments taking place in the Russian higher education system as well as areas ...
Added: February 17, 2017
, Вопросы образования 2010 № 1 С. 25-41
The article analyzes the effects of introducing the institute of ranking into the higher education system. The function of ratings is to remedy market failures, to create incentives for competition, and for the efficient choice of education institution by customers. However, the research of the last decade dealing with the influence of ratings on the ...
Added: October 18, 2012
Эндаумент-фонды образовательных организаций высшего образования: подходы к проектированию деятельности
, Университетское управление: практика и анализ 2014 № 4 С. 79-85
In the article is presented the analysis of university endowments organization, highlighting the main parts of the organization and theories of the functioning (flows) on the basis of a systematic approach of strategic management developed by Henry Mintzberg. Endowment fund activities are structured by synchronizing activities of the three organizations: the university, the endowment fund ...
Added: October 25, 2013
, Educational studies 2017 No. 1 P. 25-57
Based on the data of cohort longitudinal study “Educational and Career Trajectories”, factors affecting absolute and relative expected returns on education (ROE) are investigated.Surveys of Moscow students show that academic performance assessed by Unified State Exam (USE) scores is an important predictor of students’ salary expectations. Besides, expected ROE also correlates positively with college selectivity. ...
Added: April 3, 2017
, , , Education and Training 2020 Vol. 62 No. 4 P. 441-457
Purpose The paradigm of school-to-work transition is changing, with an increasing number of students combining work and study. Furthermore, there exists some mixed evidence for the impact of student employment on future earnings and employment likelihood. The purpose of the present paper is to examine additional evidence that would shed light on the pros and ...
Added: June 10, 2020
, , Креативная экономика 2011 № 2(50) С. 54-51
Авторы определяют учет запросов рынка труда в системе профессионального образования на базе разработки и применения профессиональных стандартов в качестве обязательной основы создания образовательных стандартов нового поколения. Подчеркнута важность разработки национальной системы квалификаций для формирования в стране «рынка квалификаций» (на котором «ценность» работника будет определяться его реальной квалификацией) и вытеснения существующего в настоящее время «рынка дипломов» ...
Added: February 9, 2013
, , Журнал институциональных исследований 2017 Т. 9 № 1 С. 117-133
In the article, we attempt to underpin the hypothesis that under certain conditions a propitious selection may take place on the higher education market. It is a phenomenon when brand universities automatically reproduce their positive reputation without improving the quality of teaching due to influx of talented entrants. We apply econometric modelling and regression analysis ...
Added: March 21, 2017