Evaluation of Research and Innovation Policies: The Case of Russian Universities
Высшая школа экономики , 2016. No. 57.
n recent years, evaluation and impact assessments (IA) of research and innovation (R&I) policies have become of interest both to researchers and policy makers. The latter use the results of such assessments when developing new regulations and monitoring the implementation and effectiveness of policies already in place. The practice and methodology of policy evaluation and IA are characterised by the diversity of approaches used and the existence of a number of unresolved methodological problems. At the same time, efforts are being made to define conceptual frameworks for policy evaluation and IA, categorise relevant studies and cases, and draft recommendations. This paper looks at public policies and programmes aimed at stimulating R&I in Russian universities. For this purpose, 299 universities were surveyed in 2013-2014 to reveal their demand for the relevant policies in 2006-2012 and the effects they had. Based on survey results we assess the impact of the policies on universities and suggest recommendations regarding the improvement of state regulations and further conduction of similar assessments.
, , Journal of the Knowledge Economy 2017 Vol. 8 No. 3 P. 1067-1084
In recent years, evaluation and impact assessments (IA) of research and innovation (R&I) policies have become of interest both to scholars and policy makers. This paper examines public programmes and regulations aimed at stimulating R&I in Russian universities. For this purpose, 299 universities were surveyed in 2013–2014 to reveal their demand for relevant policies and ...
Added: August 25, 2016
М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015
Текст доклада ориентирован прежде всего на то, чтобы, снабдив экспертное сообщество основанными на науч- ных исследованиях материалами по широкому кругу социальных проб лем, способствовать предметной и плодотворной дискуссии как в самой экспертной среде, так и между лидерами гражданского общества и теми, кто принимает решения от имени государства. ...
Added: January 12, 2016
Developing instruments to assess and compare the quality of engineering education: the case of China and Russia
, , et al., Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education 2016 Vol. 41 No. 5 P. 770-786
Relatively little is known about differences in the quality of engineering education within and across countries because of the lack of valid instruments that allow for the assessment and comparison of engineering students’ skill gains. The purpose of our study is to develop and validate instruments that can be used to compare student skill gains ...
Added: April 7, 2016
State-controlled "national champions" of the Russian banking market: Concentration, competitiveness, and efficiency
, / Social Science Research Network. Series "SSRN Working Paper Series". 2013. No. 2223686.
This paper tries to assess some of the effects from industrial policy of growing state-controlled "national champions" in the Russian banking industry. We look at market concentration and competitiveness and average bank efficiency. A modified method of calculating the indicators of market concentration suggests that main segments of the market have crossed the threshold of high ...
Added: February 25, 2013
, , Вопросы статистики 2017 № 5 С. 39-51
Population aging is a current demographic trend typical of most countries, including Russia. At the same time, the spread of universal access to information technology increases the number of Internet users including the elderly. Although information technology makes a positive overall impact on the social and labour activity of the elderly, the growing number of ...
Added: April 19, 2017
, , Party Politics 2014 No. 20 P. 663-674
Authoritarian dominant parties are said to ensure elite loyalty by providing elites with regularized opportunities for career advancement. This article uses data on the distribution of leadership posts in Russia’s regional legislatures (1999–2010) to conduct the first systematic test of this proposition. Loyalty to the nascent hegemonic party, United Russia, is shown to be important ...
Added: November 18, 2013
The development approaches to tourist value propositions of small cities: the case of the Vladimir Region
, , , Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes 2018 Vol. 10 No. 4 P. 498-509
Purpose – This paper aims to analyze the modern approaches to the development of tourist value proposition and to discuss relevant cases of small cities in Russia. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a case study approach based on the experience in Vladimir Region with respect to government and its support for tourism development. Findings – ...
Added: October 14, 2019
Understanding the survival of post-Communist corruption in contemporary Russia: The influence of historical legacies
, , Post-Soviet Affairs 2015 Vol. 31 No. 4 P. 304-338
Corruption is widespread throughout the former Communist states, and it is particularly severe and entrenched in Russia. Despite the fact that Russia's contemporary corruption has recently become a subject of analysis, there is, however, no study that has addressed the role of the Communist legacy in the development of various aspects of corruption. This paper ...
Added: September 3, 2015
, , International Journal of Housing Policy 2017 Vol. 17 No. 1 P. 75-96
The article problematises the role of real estate in geopolitical circulations. The internationalisation of real estate increases mutual dependencies and vulnerabilities between nation states and, therefore, calls for a better appreciation of the geopolitical externalities and exteriorities of real estate. The article brings together disjoint bodies of literature on real estate globalisation, assemblage theory, and ...
Added: December 11, 2016
, Democratization 2012 Vol. 19 No. 2 P. 230-257
By the end of Russia's regime transition to democracy (1991–2001), Russia displayed a mosaic of different sub-national regimes. A number of economic, social, and cultural factors have been investigated to explain how the sub-national regime transitions produced such heterogeneous results. This article intends to contribute to the debate by focusing on the role of the ...
Added: October 19, 2015
Emerging Forms of Government Support for NPOs in Russia: In Search of Cross-sectoral Cooperation in the Delivery of Social Services
, , Development in practice 2016
This article discusses a set of tools of government enacted in Russia between 2009and 2013 to provide support to so-called socially-oriented nonprofit organizations (SO/NPOs). In Russia this approach is to be considered as a serious policy innovation since so far government policy vis-à-vis the nonprofit sector could be described as either indifferent or predominantly restrictive. ...
Added: January 26, 2017
The evolution of cluster initiatives in Russia: the impacts of policy, life-time, proximity and innovative environment
, , , Foresight 2017 Vol. 19 No. 2 P. 87-120
Purpose – This paper aims at assessing the impacts of the national cluster policy, cluster age, cluster development benchmarks of neighbouring regions and the cumulative level of regional innovative capacity on the quantity and quality of cluster initiatives in Russia. Design/methodology/approach – Hypotheses’ testing was carried out by a series of calculations comparing the qualitative ...
Added: May 15, 2017
, , / НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP Series "Public and Social Policy". 2017. No. WP BRP 07/PSP/2017.
Augmenting behavioral public administration to occupational intention research we investigate the link between three types of motivation, and the intention of students to work in civil service after graduation. We make detailed observations of the self-reported job preferences of 2nd public administration undergraduates in two prestigious universities in Moscow, Russian Federation. We report that federal ...
Added: March 20, 2017
, , / Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, University of Manchester. Series ES/J012785/1 "Emerging Technologies and Implications of Next Generation Innovation Systems Development in China and Russia". 2015.
Added: February 7, 2015
Lanham : Lexington Books, 2015
This book pulls together experts in the fields of economics and Russian culture, all participants in the Samuel P. Huntington Memorial Symposium on Culture, Cultural Change and Economic Development, a follow-up to the 1999 Cultural Values and Human Progress Symposium at Harvard University. As the sequel to the 2001 volume Culture Matters, it discusses modernization, ...
Added: April 30, 2015
, Baltic Rim Economics 2012 № 4 С. 53-53
The chapter deals with the new directions of science, technology and innovation (STI) policy in Russia, initiatives and tendencies of the STI development that surfaced over the past years. ...
Added: June 17, 2013
, , / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2014. No. WP BRP 19/PS/2014.
How and when do employers and governments cooperate to overcome skill shortages? Existing literature in the VOC tradition distinguishes between coordinated market and liberal market economy approaches. So far, however, little research has addressed this problem in the context of emerging market economies. This paper uses the case of Russia to address the ways in ...
Added: December 3, 2014
Governance of Commons in a Large Nondemocratic Country: The Case of Forestry in the Russian Federation
, , Publius 2014 Vol. 44 No. 2 P. 298-323
A substantial portion of Elinor Ostrom’s work critically examines the interplay between decentralization and efficient governance of commons. Ostrom’s suggestion is to shift from the dichotomous view of decentralization versus centralization to a more complex picture, labeled “polycentric governance.” This article applies this theory and uses a novel data set to test how the allocation ...
Added: October 19, 2015
, Государство и право 2011 № 6 С. 87-91
This article reviews debatable questions of the anti-corruption examination, contains the analysis of regulations, providing by Federal Law "On Anti-Corruption Examination of Regulatory Acts and their Drafts", formulates a number of suggestions concerning actualization of anti-corruption examination institute. ...
Added: September 23, 2012
Россия в глобальном мире. Сборник научных трудов 10-й Всероссийской научно-теоретической конференции
СПб. : Издательство Политехнического университета, 2012
Сборник содержит материалы по проблематике: Россия в условиях глобального кризиса: внутренние и внешние угрозы; эволюция взглядов на роль государства в экономии; модель многополюсного мира; преемственность политической власти в России: история и современность; опыт управления развитием по пути национального проектирования; энергетическая безопасность Запада как вызов России; перспективы вступления России в ВТО: экспертные оценки и прогнозы; Россия ...
Added: February 14, 2013
, / National Research University Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". 2015. No. 44.
The Foresight study presented in this paper is devoted to the sustainable use of water resources in Russia. The authors analyse possible trajectories of development in the three thematic areas (i) sustainability of water systems; (ii) water use by households and in industry; and (iii) new water products and services. The Foresight methods cover expert interviews ...
Added: August 31, 2015
, , М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017
В аналитическом докладе представлены результаты форсайт-проекта «Исследование глобальных вызовов и долгосрочных тенденций инновационного развития в сфере возобновляемых источников энергии», проведенного ИСИЭЗ НИУ ВШЭ при информационной и финансовой поддержке Группы компаний «Ренова». Исследование было сфокусировано на трех тематических областях: преобразование энергии солнца в электрическую; преобразование энергии ветра в электрическую; преобразование энергетической биомассы в тепловую и электрическую энергию. ...
Added: April 4, 2017
, Russian Journal of Economics 2016 No. 2 P. 146-161
Contrary to the focus on the events of the last two years (2014–2015) associated with the accession of Crimea to Russia and military conflict in Eastern Ukraine, in this study, I stress that serious changes in Russian domestic policy (with strong pressure on political opposition, state propaganda and sharp anti-Western rhetoric, as well as the ...
Added: October 20, 2016
М. : Русский сувенир, 2009
В коллективном исследовании особое внимание уделяется важнейшим элементам экономической безопасности, значение которых в сегодняшнем мире постоянно растёт. Вместе с ними рассмотрен комплекс социальных, правовых, экологических и иных проблем, в совокупности составляющих то, что можно назвать невоенными аспектами национальной и международной безопасности. ...
Added: April 13, 2013