National Borders and Urban Growth: Evidence from the Annexation of Alsace and Lorraine", Series: Economics
The article is about legal regulation of energy medicine in Russia, France and USA. Different legal approches to the problem of illegal energy medicine are described.
The article covers the current reforms of French system of Higher Education. The author identifies emerging trends of the new management model of sector; analyzes the impact of the new management model on enhancing the competitive advantages of the French Higher Education system in the world; and defines a level of its international demand among prospective students.
According to the Treaty of Frankfurt (1871) France lost Alsace and Lorraine. In the paper I estimate how a new border affected a growth of towns. Applying difference-in-differences methodology to census data for 1831-1911, I obtain paradoxical result. New border stimulates growth of nearby towns. Observed effect is turned to be persistent and robust to specification changes. Obtained results are contradicted to both theory and other empirical studies (Sturm, Redding (2008), Brülhart et al.(2012) and others).
Les interactions franco-russes restent peu étudiées dans le domaine des sciences du vivant. Un moment ralenties par la révolution de 1917 et surtout la période stalinienne, les relations scientifiques entre la France et la Russie n’ont pourtant jamais réellement cessé. Contrairement à une idée reçue, même pendant la Guerre froide, les échanges furent presque ininterrompus.
Chacune des contributions russes et françaises du présent ouvrage constitue une étude de cas mettant en avant des scientifiques français ou russes qui ont incarné ces relations. Il ne s’agit pas d’user d’une démarche comparatiste, à la recherche de similitudes et de différences qui figeraient chaque aire culturelle dans son identité, mais plutôt de rendre compte de croisements, d’imbrications constitutives complexes. L’ouvrage est divisé en deux sections respectant les deux sensibilités traditionnelles des sciences de la vie, entre histoire naturelle et médecine, et suit pour chacune d’entre elles une progression chronologique de la fin du XVIIIe siècle à l’époque soviétique.
This handbook provides an integrated picture of knowledge about the economic and social behaviors and interactions of human beings on markets, in households, in companies and in societies. With a core basis in labor economics, human resources, demography and econometrics, it contains a large and complete summary and evaluation of the scientific state of the art. It relates to relevant fields in law, behavioral science, psychology, health, biology, sociology and political science, among others, where basic human processes are considered. Long survey chapters on core knowledge are combined with shorter frontier research chapters and those with a clear policy perspective.
Food industry plays a key role in each country. That is why the process of globalization makes the problem of ensuring safe production vary important, especially while attracting foreign capital. In this article the two mechanisms of the FDI distribution in Russian food industry companies are discussed. Special econometric tools for this analysis are also proposed. We investigate regional characteristics and the spatial lags (like factor of agglomeration, market potential and others) as determinants of the process. To test the influence of these determinants on the probability to have more than 10% of foreign capital in a company we estimate the hierarchical binary-choice models on a sample of Russian food industry companies (from RUSLANA database, on 2009). According to the results, the hierarchical diffusion of foreign investors is motivated by the seeking of local market and by seeking of the efficiency through lower transportation costs and better investment environment. The local resources in innovations are not significant on this level. When the investors develop new regions they take into account almost all the investigated regional characteristics. The logical complexification of a model allows not only to display the regional heterogeneity but also to determine the regions where the effect of some factors is irregular or more tangible. The development of transport infrastructure of the region and its spatial lag should be pointed out as one of the most substantial effects on the probability to have the FDI.
Articles of the next issue of the French Yearbook, dedicated to the 250th anniversary of the birth of Napoleon Bonaparte, are devoted to various aspects of European history associated with his name, as well as their reflection in historical memory and in the historiography of different countries. Among the authors are leading experts on this issue from various research centers in Russia, France, the UK, the Netherlands and Ukraine.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.