Ethnic and Religious Identification, Acculturation Attitudes and the Socio-Economic Adaptation of Immigrants
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
This chapter addresses changes in immigration trends and their psychosocial effects in post-Soviet Russia. Russia is currently the world’s second most populous country (after the USA) in terms of its immigrant population, with most coming from the Central Asian States (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan) and China. The chapter begins with an examination of the social issues that immigrants must face. The research focuses on Moscow as the most attractive destination for immigrant workers. The chapter presents the findings of an empirical study conducted on the reciprocal acculturation between immigrants and the host society in Moscow. The study examines the correlations between the immigrants’ acculturation attitudes and the host society’s acculturation expectations and perceptions of the immigrants. More specifically, the study focuses on how measures of integral security (including physical, cultural and economic security) influence the host society’s attitudes towards immigrants.
The article suggests a pessimistic scenario of political and institutional transformation of the European Union under the influence of such factor as alien immigration in the cultural and civilizational terms. Particular attention is paid to the consequences of these transformations for the future of Russia.
The collection includes reports and speeches of the participants of the International Symposium on the Korean diaspora living in China, Japan, Russia and the United States. Particular attention is paid to changes in these communities under the influence of external factors, region of residence, migration of Koreans from the Korean peninsula since the end of IXX - beginning. XX centuries. during the period of colonization by Japan in Korea. The texts are presented in the original language (Russian, Japanese, Chinese) and translated into Korean. In order to researchers, teachers, students, anyone interested in the issues of the Korean Peninsula states.
In the book for the first time the documents of the Archive of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Empire on Russian-Korean Relations (1820-1909), on the voluntary resettlement of Koreans in the Amur Region in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries are published. Also, the collection contains, previously published, documents and materials of the Russian State Historical Archives of the Far East (1864-1918). The reader is presented with a large amount of factual material that reveals the peculiarities of the migration policy of the Russian government in relation to the Koreans. The mechanism of building relations with migrants from Korea, their arrangement in Primorye, the role and place of Koreans in the development of the Russian Far East, in school education, as well as the participation of the Orthodox Church in the process of naturalization of Koreans in Russian culture is shown. Of interest are materials about the participation of Koreans in the national liberation movement of Korea in the Russian Far East. The book is addressed to researchers and administrative staff, teachers and students of humanitarian faculties as a reference tool, as well as for a wide range of readers interested in the East.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.