The article concentrates on Chicherin, a Russian philosopher and lawyer, and his views on the correlation between liberty, law and morality. The author comments on Chicherin's ideas in the context of other views existing at the turn of the 19th and the 20th centuries. These are the views of such representatives of the Russian socially political, legal and philosophical ideas as Kavelin, Novgorodtsev, Struve, Alekseev and others, including modern researchers. Special reference is maid to Chicherin and Solovyov's polemics, which is important step in the history of Russian philosophy. Pointing out a constant connection between law and morality, that often complement each other on the basis of common values, Chicherin strongly insisted on differentiating between these notions. He was sure that the only way to a moral ideal was freedom, not an outward compulsion. And our past historical experience is the best confirmation of this idea. The work also focuses on the fact that the peculiarity of Russian law philosophy is its concentration on the questions of morality and law, the attempt of becoming closer to a moral ideal.
The book focuses on the early spread of Kantianism (especially the Critique of Pure Reason) in the Russian Empire. This reception is analysed in the specific intellectual environment of the Ecclesiastical Academies – a wide analysis of their features, both historical and philosophical, is provided. The history and the sources belonging to the phenomenon of philosophising at Ecclesiastical Academiesare also investigated here through case studies: in responding to Kant’s Copernican revolution, the authors examined proved to be fully aware of the necessity of confronting the Criticism. The book contains an addendum with a wide-ranging review of the philosophical historiography of the reception of Kantianism in Russia up to 2015.
This article deals with the Russian philosopher and lawyer B.N. Chicherin, his views on human nature, its characteristics and purpose. Special attention is paid to liberty as inherent to a person. The author underlines the great importance of philosophic investigations for understanding the contemporary problems of Russia, the development and formation of Russian society.
The paper proposes an original research methodology in the field of intellectual history based on the theoretical achievements of the tradition of philosophy of language and philosophy of action, as well as the "pragmatic turn" in social sciences. The paper develops the concept of "thought style" as describing a possible object of historical research. As an illustration of this historical method, the paper analyzes the concepts of "Enlightenment" and "society" as applied to the Russian intellectual history of the late 18th - early 19th centuries.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.