Symbolische Mimesis – nicht nur im Mittelalter
The author shows great role of imitation in constructing of political representation at different centres of power belonging to the same cultural region. The most authoritative and best legitimised centres "produced" symbolic forms, that were eagerly adopted, borrowed or usurped by "imitators" from periphery. The dynamic of dessimanation of such symbolic forms reveals the main vectors of cultural dependance.
The monograph is devoted to peculiarities of political imagination in medieval Europe: the formation, development and disintegration of symbolic images, through which it was customary to describe and publicly demonstrate, reinforce or reinstall relationships between the ruling elite and the majority under its control. The work is written on the basis of a wide range of both already known and previously unpublished sources from a number of European countries. The book adresses historians, art historians, ethnologists, political scientists, as well as all who are interested in the Middle Ages.
Like all empires, the Soviet Empire was also based on the distinction centre–periphery. Although the Soviet Empire no longer exists, relationships between centres and peripheries still shape realities in the region. The book analyses the relevance of this distinction for the understanding of political, economic, and cultural realities in the post-Soviet space. Case studies provided by scholars from different countries of the former Soviet Union explore the potential of the distinction in historical as well as in economic and political perspectives.
At the age of 12-24 months, infants are actively interested in objects used by adult, despite the number of experienced difficulties in achieving their goals. What is making the child attempt to handle an object for designated purpose while watching the adult? One of the evident explanations concerns the efficiency of the adult’s behavior and child’s desire to achieve the same result. However, widely known researches prove that a child is guided not exclusively by result, but also by adult’s intention. In our study, we verified the reason guiding a child’s choice in ambiguous condition modeled by situations opposing intentional and efficient behavior style of the adult. We discovered, that 16-20 months old infants preferred copying adult’s intentional action (even if the action was not providing for an attractive result), but not accidental (even if the action was providing for an attractive result). However, the tendency of following the intention is developing in process of growing, as no similar pattern is observed at 12-16 months children. Here we also discuss the found out phenomenon in terms of its relation to the existing data on overimitation effect's research including the age range of its manifestation. Our data allow assuming that development of infant experience acquisition through interaction with an adult is, probably not carried out by complication of instrumental activity but through adjoining the child’s learning process of action planning while acquiring the experience.
The article is about H. Plessner's view on language within the framework of his anthropological approach. In Plessner's anthropology language is the “true existential evidence” for eccentricity of the human position. According to Plessner language is a core feature of a human being and there is a strong coincidence between language and all the basic human characteristics such as: eccentricity, immanence, expressivity and the ability for the contact with reality (a cognitive function). So, Plessner proclaims that the initial function of language is an expressive but not a communicative one. At that the cognitive function is considered as an expression of eccentric positionality or as an objectivation of the expression. Plessner doesn't restrict himself solely to an instrumental interpretation of language, but also argues for language as communicative environment. The last idea refers to an approach to language as an intersubjective mode of human being. Language considered as a “structure of the human way of existence” is based on specifically human features such as abilities for imitation and objectivation, both supposed to express the eccentric positionality.
The article deals with some specific technical forms of representation of royal and princely power in medieval Europe.
The article reconstructs a long narrative tradition, accordiing to which every emperor had to recieve his imperial crone at his corornation in Rom not from hands, but from feet of the pope.