The aim of this article is to analyze strategies of combining motherhood and employment. For this purpose the notion of work-family balance will be conceptualized. The author suggests that strategies of mixed professional and family duties is being constructed at the level of household and depends on available personal and family resources as well as individual choices of working adults. Because contemporary Russian family policy does not provide institutional supports for working parents to combine motherhood and employment. Working mothers are in search of family-work balance, because child care is the main women responsibilities. Motherhood is still a crucial part of life project for Russian women.
In article, it is noticed that the situation which has developed in Russia brightly illustrates interdependence of system manufacture - a society - environment. Infringement of one of components conducts to infringement of functioning of all system. At the moment there are some positions of principle concerning decision-making on maintenance of quality of environment.