Проблемы профессионального самоопределения молодежи в трансформирующемся обществ
In article on the basis of archival documents are being reconstructed organizational basis and specifics of the youth of exit tourism in the USSR in the initial period of the activity of Bureau of international youth tourism «Sputnik». With the conclusion of expanding the geography of outbound tourism and the expansion of the tourism international relations adjoins the conclusion of the focus of tourist flows, first of all, in the countries of the Soviet block. In turn, the rapid growth of the number of travelling abroad Soviet young tourists with a lag of volumes of outbound tourism on the size of the entrance. The course for the direct exchange without payment in a currency has been accompanied by measures to increase the volume of commercial tourism, especially with the countries of the West.
Nature abhors a "vacuum" - the new power elite arrives at the time of major social and political transformations and endeavours to shore up its position within the country and obtain support from outside. New power groups, which are active at times of revolution and who replace, push aside or even depose the old elites and impose their own control over the state machine and position themselves as new power elite.There are themselves not immune to social transformation, especially in the first decades of coming to their new commanding role. Unless its claims are given legitimacy it is unable to implement its positive programme, which it immediately claims as the national programme. Every country "acquires" a new functioning elite - political, financial and intellectual - from revolution or a change of regime. The old elite may lose control and depart or upon luck may merge into a new combination of social strata of particular country. We also believe that the composition and the structure of elites is the country-specific and reflect one’s country history.