Возрастно-половая структура населения России
This book is the attempt to consider the aging of population from point of view of demography, politics and sociology. The purpose of the book “Ageing Europe: Demography, Politics, Sociology” is to show that the aging of the population is an inevitable and objective process that will continue for a long time. This process requires a radical adaptation of society associated with the problem of the diversion of resources to support the elderly population, with the recognition of the special needs of the older people, with the formation of new relationships between the generations. That is why the aging of population is one of the main social problems of the 21st century and one of the main driving forces of social changes. It is a challenge that society has to accept.
Aging of population promotes society to use of unused human capital, to create the effective social policies and support services for older people. In contemporary society, the later period of life is a time for self-realization, new activities, new leisure, and new emotions. If society understands the needs of older people and provides opportunities for their realization, society can overcome the challenges caused by population aging
Developed countries are facing an urgent problem of population aging. How can we overcome social and economic consequences of aging processes?
The aging of Russian population leads to inefficiency of Pay-As-You-Go system, where the benefits come solely from government taxation of current workers' wages, and seems to be one of the problems of Russian Pension System. This is the overview of Russian demographic settings compared to other countries from US CIA ranking. Long-run instruments of influencing demography in Russia are stated below.