The Sociology of Alexander Bogdanov and the Theories of Progress in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries
The aim of this research was to contribute to the discussion on the role of visual methods in improving student learning. Visual methods provide means to understand the practices of representations as cultural texts, to develop interpretations of meanings in socio-cultural context, to decode images of social relations and individual experience. Visual sources play a growing role in social studies as well as in teaching as they offer new routes to understanding the past and the present. It was anticipated that when students learn to interpret visual images of social issues as constructs and metaphors in addition to reading relevant literature they might develop critical and contextual imagination, namely connect individual incidences to historical conditions and social institutions, to link seemingly impersonal and remote forces with the lives of real people in concrete institutional and symbolic environments. The main data set included anonymous student journals and portfolio with assignments. The study documented student discourse around visual methods implementation and examined student identities as sociologists, their perceptions of academic expectations at universities, their views of the curriculum, and their identity claims. The results are concerned with the outcomes of teaching and learning considered not only in relation to visual methods but also to the public sphere and sociology. The more and less desirable identity for a sociologist was articulated, some tensions and biases were discovered but more research is needed in order to see more explicitly the role of visual methods and other pedagogical tools in overcoming these barriers.
Optimization, simulation and control are very powerful tools in engineering and mathematics, and play an increasingly important role. Because of their various real-world applications in industries such as finance, economics, and telecommunications, research in these fields is accelerating at a rapid pace, and there have been major algorithmic and theoretical developments in these fields in the last decade.
This volume brings together the latest developments in these areas of research and presents applications of these results to a wide range of real-world problems.- Collection of selected contributions giving a state-of-the-art account of recent developments in the field - Covers a broad range of topics in optimization and optimal control, including unique applications - Written by an international group of experts in their respective disciplines - Broad audience of researchers, practitioners, and advanced graduate students in applied mathematics and engineering
The basic processes influencing the formation of modern concept of controlling are considered. Fundamental restrictions of the controlling concept are described. The system concept of controlling is argued as the scientific basis of controlling in circumstances of today.
Nuestro país ha cambiado más en 20 años que en los dos últimos siglos. Las transformaciones que hemos vivido durante la democracia (la transición española)* y los cambios que ha traído la integración en el Mercado Europeo se han sucedido con gran velocidad y han afectado a todas las facetas de la sociedad. El español de los 90 es más tolerante y está abierto a nuevas ideas a la vez que se mantiene fiel a su cultura y tradición. Tal vez por ello no parecemos muy satisfechos con la integración en Europa. Según el estudio sobre la Realidad Social en España, del Centro de Investigaciones sobre la realidad social (Cires), el porcentaje de personas que creen que la integración europea no ha beneficiado a España es el de un 59%. Sin embargo, esta insatisfacción no parece afectarnos excesivamente. La mayoría de los espaňoles se declaran felices y contentos con su vida. Más de un tercio elegirían ser lo que son si volvieran a nacer. Más de la mitad no desean parecerse a nadie. Pero veamos en qué hemos cambiado según los diferentes ámbitos de vida.