Интерпретация vs критика исторического источника в пропедевтиках рубежа XIX – XX вв. как маркер перехода от классической к неклассической модели науки
In the context of understanding the methodological crisis of the turn of the 19-20 centuries as a transition from classical to non-classical and neoclassical models of science and the change the dictionary of historical cognition from the dictionary of description and explanation to the dictionary of interpretation (F.R. Ankersmith”s terminology), the transformation of the correlation of criticism of the historical source and historical interpretation in classical propaedeutics of the turn of the 19-20 centuries is analyzed: I.G. Droysen, E. Bernheim, Sh.-V. Langlois and Sh. Senobos, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky. The shift of the source study from critique of historical source to interpretation is regarded as a marker of the paradigm shift. It is suggested that Lappo-Danilevsky's understanding of interpretation as a generally valid scientific understanding of a historical source does not quite fit into the non-classical model of science / dictionary of interpretation, but forms the basis of the neoclassical phenomenological concept of source studies.