Вовлеченность населения Санкт-Петербурга в социальные практики гражданского общества
The civil society sector—made up of millions of nonprofit organizations, associations, charitable institutions, and the volunteers and resources they mobilize—has long been the invisible subcontinent on the landscape of contemporary society. For the past twenty years, however, scholars under the umbrella of the Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project have worked with statisticians to assemble the first comprehensive, empirical picture of the size, structure, financing, and role of this increasingly important part of modern life.
What accounts for the enormous cross-national variations in the size and contours of the civil society sector around the world? Drawing on the project’s data, Lester M. Salamon, S. Wojciech Sokolowski, Megan A. Haddock, and their colleagues raise serious questions about the ability of the field’s currently dominant preference and sentiment theories to account for these variations in civil society development. Instead, using statistical and comparative historical materials, the authors posit a novel social origins theory that roots the variations in civil society strength and composition in the relative power of different social groupings and institutions during the transition to modernity.
Drawing on the work of Barrington Moore, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, and others, Explaining Civil Society Development provides insight into the nonprofit sector’s ability to thrive and perform its distinctive roles. Combining solid data and analytical clarity, this pioneering volume offers a critically needed lens for viewing the evolution of civil society and the nonprofit sector throughout the world.
Paper devoted to analysis of contemporary academician and expert discussions about practices of public and (or) citizen expertise. Three main approaches to this notions are formulated as result of this analysis. First – when customer of expertise is in focus of analyses. Public (citizen) expertise is expertise, booked by NGOs according to this approach. Performers of expertise are specialists-experts. Second approach deals with expertise – monitoring of some governmental process (human rights of prisoners, or electoral process, as examples)which realized by NGO members (sometime together with specialists-experts). In framework of the third approach the citizen position (or absent of it) of specialist-expert in the focus of attention: possibility for the to define agenda of expertise by themselves, to define mist actual social-politic problems and to propose decisions of them.
The article presents the findings of a study on civil society and the intersectoral partnership in Omsk region. The situation in the institutions of civil society, interaction of the government, businesses and non-governmental organizations are analyzed. The article specifies the factors that influence the situation in the civil society of Omsk region. The causes of the underdeveloped intersectoral partnership in Omsk region based on the findings of the expert survey conducted in the spring of 2018 are revealed.
This chapter looks at the role of the globalised third sector in migration governance, and presents major theoretical and empirical contributions focusing on different aspects of the third sector’s, often ambiguous, role in migration politics and policy. It starts with a discussion on the third sector’s growing involvement in the migration field, then proceeds with an analysis of the third sector as new governors aspiring to shape migration regimes regionally and globally. The chapter uncovers complex patterns of interactions between the third sector and other actors in global migration governance, paying attention to aspects such as financial dependence of the third sector on donors, subordinated politics and competition for funding and prestige. The picture that emerges from this chapter indicates that the third sector is far from being and acting as a unified actor in migration governance.