Byzantinische Inschriften des noerdlichen Schwarzmeerraums
This volume collects 26 papers authored by lading experts from nine European culntries. It presents a wide range of the latest advances in the study of the ancient Black Sea in Greek and Roman times, with a focus on scholarly traditions, archaeology and religion. All the contributions address current debates about texts, epigraphy, numismatics, and iconography, as well as archaeological discoveries. They provide oppotunities to share perspectives, new methods and grameworks for future research. At the same teime, this book is in line with the efforts in recen years to bridge the large gap between the scholarly traditions of West and East in order to absorb, interpret and integrate the constant flow of new information about the Black Sea region into mainstream western classical scholarship.
Volume V of IOSPE3 (Inscriptiones orae septenrionalis Ponti Euxini, 3rd ed.) contains 345 lemmata of Greek inscriptions dated between the late 4th century and 1475 and originating from the northern coast of the Black Sea, from the mouth of the Dniester in the west to the eastern shore of the Taman peninsula in the east. The volume includes all the lapidary inscriptions, as well as painted inscriptions on frescoes and graffiti on stone monuments and rock surfaces. Building, dedicatory, invocative, demonstrative and funerary inscriptions prevail. The majority of inscriptions come from Early Byzantine Pantikapaion, Early and Middle Byzantine Cherson and Late Byzantine south-western Crimea, which had distinct palaeographic traditions. The material most commonly used was limestone, while 73 inscriptions are on marble (including spolia) and only 6 on sandstone; 28 inscriptions are on rock surfaces. In the Early Byzantine period, two local dating systems were in use: in Cherson and Pantikapaion. Dialect features can be distinguished in some inscriptions. The corpus will be accessible starting in 2015 at https://iospe.cch.kcl.ac.uk/corpus/index.html
In the present article two eleventh-century phrases inscribed many times on the walls of the St Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod (коуни рони and парехъ мари) are shown to be of Semitic provenance. The authors provide the linguistic arguments which support the claim of a Hebrew source for коуни рони and a Syriac one for парехъ мари. In addition, we offer a reconstruction of the historical pragmatic context in which the phrases can be situated. It is proposed that the коуни рони inscriptions can be connected with the seizure of Novgorod and the plundering of St Sophia by Vseslav of Polotsk in the year 1066. They should be regarded as the oldest tangible proof of contacts with Jews and Hebrew in Rus’. In the case of the парехъ мари inscriptions, the hypothesis is put forward that the author was a certain Efrem, a local citizen, possibly a clergyman, who was a Syrian by descent.
The present book, the first collective volume entirely devoted to aspects of Byzantine epigraphy, mainly comprises papers delivered at two international meetings (Vienna 2010, Sofia 2011). The book is divided into four sections and includes among others the following contributions: after an introductory article about the “history” of the discipline of Byzantine epigraphy Cyril Mango tries to define the term “Byzantine inscription” and its limits. Vincent Debiais offers some interesting observations by comparing medieval Latin inscriptions from the West with Byzantine epigraphic traditions. The second section of the book bears the title “Methods of Editing Byzantine Inscriptions”: while the paper of Peter Schreiner discusses the urgent necessity of creating a new epigraphic initiative within Byzantine Studies, Walter Koch describes the Western medieval inscription projects in detail. Both Guglielmo Cavallo and Erkki Sironen discuss editorial guidelines while Charlotte Roueché stresses the advantages of creating online-corpora, and Joel Kalvesmaki describes his recently published epigraphic font “Athena Ruby”. The third section covers articles which report current epigraphic projects: two projects from Greece presented will be published within databases. Maria Xenaki discusses the epigraphic wealth of Cappadocia and its hardly studied graffiti. The last section is devoted to case studies articles. Their content ranges from Late Antiquity (Sencer Şahin, Mustafa Sayar) until the middle and the late Byzantine period (Ida Toth, Linda Safran).
Several epigraphic corpora and some isolated inscriptions from Southern Levant may be considered as documents reflecting accounting procedures. This paper is a survey of such documents from the kingdoms of Israel and Judah in the period between ca. 931 and ca. 587 BCE. The emerging picture is fragmentary and uneven, which is related to two main reasons: apparently most of the documentation was kept on papyrus which usually does not survive in this region; the kingdom of Israel ceased to exist after ca. 720 BCE, the period when writing started to proliferate in Southern Levant. In the course of the research some of the corpora have been analyzed according to several, sometimes conflicting theories. On the other hand, there is a strong tendency to consider such corpora as lmlk jar handles, Samaria ostraca and “fiscal” bullae as documents reflecting taxation systems in the kingdoms of Israel and Judah.