"Стеклянный потолок" или проблемы женской карьеры
This article shows some criteria of organizational culture which influence results of newcomer adaptation into company and give possibility to create social-psychological pattern of well-socialized employees.
Eighteen papers, from an international, interdisciplinary workshop on measuring empowerment organized by the World Bank's Poverty Reduction and Economic Management network in 2003, address the challenge of evaluating empowerment and its contribution to development effectiveness. Papers focus on a framework for evaluating how empowerment influences the development process and for analyzing the causal forces on empowerment, with cases from Latin America; women's empowerment as a variable in international development; measuring women's empowerment; an analysis of household and family dynamics; psychological empowerment and subjective well-being; an investigation of the relationship between income mobility and perceptions of subjective well-being related to that mobility, using panel data from Peru and Russia; self-rated power and welfare in Russia; applying Q methodology to empowerment; analytical issues in measuring empowerment at the community and local levels; peace, conflict, and empowerment; measuring empowerment at the community level; mixing qualitative and econometric methods; assessing empowerment at the national level in Eastern Europe and Central Asia; the CIVICUS Civil Society Index; empowerment as a positive-sum game; democracy, good governance, and empowerment; and measuring democratic governance. Contributors include economists, anthropologists, sociologists, psychologists, demographers, and political scientists. Narayan is Senior Adviser in the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network of the World Bank. Index.
The sex differences of the full amplitude of the spectrum (PAS) of EEG of a wide frequency range of 56 th are investigated- lovek (27 men and 29 women) in the ontogenetic range from 3 to 70 years. Used the 21-channel electroencephalo- graph " Neuron-Spectrum-4 / VP "(Neurosoft, "10-20" by Jasper). Estimation of averaged values of PAS in 21 leads without taking into account individual rhythms (and thus, without taking into account the level of cerebral generation of rhythms), intersex differences are given- no neurodynamic parameter was detected. Taking into account the individual rhythms of EEG (beta-high-frequency, beta- low-frequency, alpha -, theta -, Delta -) there is a distinct tendency to higher absolute values INCREASE of EEG rhythms in men compared to women. In the extreme values of the studied EEG frequency spectrum (high-frequency beta-and slow Delta-rhythm) this trend acquired a reliable character (p<0.05) mainly in the posterior-temporal and Antero-frontal leads. Stable negative correlations (p<0.05) between
Apart from the public sphere and the norms set by society, the private sphere plays an important role in the lives of the disabled, including the personal experience of disability at a micro level: in their families, everyday routines and romantic relationships. In this chapter, issues of family structure are considered using a narrative analysis of interviews with women who use wheelchairs. Various cultural, social, economic and political determinants effect the formation of certain types of family structure and attitudes towards family life. At the same time, they interrelate with biographical factors that reinforce or weaken the limits of freedom and private life. Using narrative analysis, I demonstrate what role family plays in constructing the identity of a person with a disability, and how family members act as coauthors of individual biographies. This can be seen in those dilemmas of family life associated with the feelings, sexuality and emotional stability at the micro-level of the life experience and identification of women with disabilities.