Особенности социально-психологической адаптации студентов к образовательному процессу в вузе
Objectives. Arterial blood pressure and serum blood glucose concentration, and the level of anxiety, as determined by the Spielberger test, as physical and psychological markers of stress under “modernization”, were studied in groups of native Siberians: the Khanty and the Mansi.
Results. The fraction of respondents with a high level of anxiety is 64% of the total sample. The average values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure are higher among natives living in large than in small “national” settlements (p<0.05). The arterial blood pressure of town dwellers is even higher. The same patterns are seen in the blood serum glucose concentrations in female samples. The average arterial blood pressure (in males and females) and the blood serum glucose concentration (in females) increases as people diverge from “traditional” lifestyles.
Conclusions. The results demonstrate that “modernization” and urbanization have a serious stressing influence on the aborigines of North Siberia.
The monograph is devoted to the assessment of population health indicators and comprehensive analysis of the factors influencing on the health of indigenous people of Russian North.
The article deals with the emotional burnout syndrome as a problem of personality psychology despite the tradition in Russian psychology to regard it as a result of continuous professional stress and professional deformation. Basing on the analysis of different approached to emotional burnout problem in Russian and foreign works it was concluded that they lack explanatory potential and there is a demand for investigating this syndrome in a broader paradigm. The author provides systemic methodological outlook of the problem and defines its theoretical status. Syndrome of emotional burnout is treated as violation of value-meaning personal regulation that hampers experiencing of higher order values and leads to dissolution of meanings in practical and professional activities. This approach proves promising for explanation of the specific nature of this syndrome as well as for elaboration of preventive measures.
syndrome of emotional burnout, stress, value-meaning sphere, Personality, dynamic system of meanings, spiritual organism
The specific role of psychological well-being constructs like resilience and mastery in relation with psychological characteristics and biomarker of stress (cortisol level) is unclear. The task of this study is to clarify the role of psychological well-being. Zuckerman's Sensation Seeking Scale, State-trait anxiety inventory (C.Spilbreger), Temperament and character inventory (Cloninger R.) and psychological well-being scale (K.Ryff) were used on the sample consisting of 250 students. Cortisol was determined from saliva samples. Analysis of data was performed by ANOVA and Pearson correlations. The group with different level of wellbeing revealed significant differences and specific correlations between cortisol level and personality. As a conclusion: 1) psychological traits and biological stress marker has nonlinear relations, 2) psychologcal well-being moderates relation between cortisol and personality traits.