Изменения в кадровой политике школы в условиях перехода на новые образовательные стандарты (на примере ГБОУ СОШ № 182 Красногвардейского района Санкт-Петербурга)
State Capitalism could be characterized by a triple role of the state: the state performs as a “programmer” to guide economic activity; it acts as a “protector” to safeguard national economic interests; and it also plays the role as a “producer” to create national wealth through its state-owned enterprises (SOEs). However, the influences of State Capitalism in a country are not only limited to the domestic sphere. They often extend internationally, either through the globalization of SOEs, or through Sovereign Fund investments, or by means of other influences. Many recent acquisition projects by SOEs, often in strategic sectors, highlight the importance of understanding this new geopolitical investment which has created special relations between State Capitalism and the free market. They also raise the question of the need for updating national economic security concerns in the context of globalization. As the value of Sovereign Funds reaches several trillion dollars, the controversy surrounding these Funds is evolving. For many, these Funds do not necessarily always look for maximizing business performance, but are sometimes also accompanied by political and strategic ambitions of the respective states from where they originate. The phenomenon of State Capitalism has gained prominence in recent years especially in several emerging markets. It appeared, firstly, because of multiple government interventions in the economy,and secondly, emphasis given to the globalization of their SOEs / economic organizations in international markets (China, Russia, Brazil, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, India, Korea, etc.). In January 2012, The Economist published another special article on State Capitalism and wondered if the new balance of power that is being built-up with the emergence of market oriented SOEs will pose a challenge to the liberal capitalist model. The objectives of this conference are manifold: to examine the characteristics of State Capitalism in the world economy, especially in emerging countries, to assess its real impact on economic development, to identify its scope to other developing countries, and also to explore the major challenges that it poses to the liberal capitalist model in the world of free-markets.
Development of students’ research skills is one of the priorities for the teaching process at university, as they help students gain sufficient learning results as well as professional success. The universal character of research skills makes them approachable within the framework of many subjects, including English teaching.
The paper consists of three main sections. The first is devoted to a discussion of the "state capitalism" concept and the reasons for the growing interest to this phenomenon. It is proposed here to consider the state capitalism not only in terms of the state ownership in major national industrial enterprises and banks, but also taking into account the efficiency of SOEs. In the second section, the new data on the state involvement in the Russian economy are represented, including the shares of the state in the authorized capital of the largest industrial enterprises and banks. Their economic indicators are compared. Contrary to some assumptions P / E values for national champions are lagging behind the average for emerging markets. The third section examines the hypothesis that one of the major challenges faced by the state capitalism is the development of investment incentives for SOEs and their performance. It is shown that the interests of the state as an owner of business enterprises are often in conflict with the interests of the state as a social institution. A number of examples are demonstrated. In order to solve this problem the state should reduce its stakes in SOEs except for those that are of strategic importance. The output of the analysis is that the state capitalism as a social phenomenon has no a long-term perspective. Most of so called “state capitalist” countries will take in future the path of traditional mixed market economy.
Monograph is devoted to the functional activity of the ministries of the Russian Empire on the creation of normative acts of subordinate regulatory and legislative character. In the work the traditions of the development of historical forms of regulatory rule-making are determined. The place of the ministries in the implementation of the legislative process of the Russian Empire is denoted. The problems of correlation of normative competence of the ministries and of other subjects of law-making activities of the Russian state in 19 - the beginning of 20 century, including the monarch, the State Council and the State Duma are explored.
The publication is addressed to researchers, students, postgraduate students, teachers of high school, all interested in the problems of law, management and lawmaking.
The research is devoted to finding a solution to the problem of forming and monitoring graduates' key competences. An algorithm of conducting research is developed and described by the authors. The article describes the results of the first four stages of the study.
The article focuses on the development of a competence and knowledge paradigm of education, stages and outcomes of its formation in the field of public administration abroad and in Russia. The attention is paid to processes and conditions of development of the professional competences within the curriculum in the field of public administration.
Monetary incentives in online experiments are not always easy to implement. Yet online experiments are advantageous in terms of natural decision-making environment, less stress on participants and large number of the latter. Can we obtain plausible results from online experiments by using non-monetary in- centives like altruism and curiosity? We investigate the role of non-monetary incentives in a simple Ellsberg-type experiment which can be easily compared to similar lab experiments.
Certain altruistic phenomena in the workplace that exceed the bounds of contract theory can be explained within the framework of gift exchange theory. We discuss the application of gift exchange theory to interactions between an employer and an employee as well as between employees themselves. We emphasize the opportunities of gifts to improve coordination and contract efficiency in the workplace and argue that there exists the productive function of gifts. We use the framework of a market for externalities in order to demonstrate that given the interrelated activities of agents a gift exchange between them can lead to Pareto improvement.