Системы высшего образования: что скрывается за сравнениями
Most universities all over the world face the problem of the widespread use of cheating practices by students. Despite the considerable efforts of researchers and practitioners to identify the reasons and circumstances that contribute to students` academic dishonesty, as well as to develop methods to combat their dishonest behaviour, the situation has not improved. Therefore, in this article, we attempt to answer the question of why the existing methods for combating academic dishonesty show low efficiency. Moreover, we pay attention to the fact of how students perceive dishonest practices, in which cases they justify and consider them fair, and in which cases they criticize them. Six regimes of criticism and justification, in which students publicly express their attitude towards academic fraud, were identified based on the Sociology of Critical Capacity by L.Boltanski and L.Thevenot. This theory was applied to the analysis of 23 semi-structured interviews with Russian and British students. Moreover, there were proposed possible methods for academic fraud prevention, which also consider the principles of equivalence used by students in their criticism or justification of dishonest practices.
The monograph considers theoretical and methodological aspects of the development of higher education, provides a historical overview of the problems of higher education in Russia and abroad, describes innovative pedagogical technologies of higher education. Special attention is devoted to the questions of psychological and pedagogical aspects of the transformation of higher education.
This collection includes the materials of the II National mteraniversity Scientific and Methodological Conference "Improving the teaching and methodological work at the university in a changing environment", organized by the Methodological Council of St. Petersburg State Economic University on January 29-30, 2018. The materials of the collection are grouped into sections in accordance with the topics of the plenary session (section 1) and sectional sessions (2-6 sections). The articles presented in the collection are intended for heads of methodical departments of the university, teachers, as well as for all those involved in the development of the educational system.
We studied the population of articles on higher education published in academic journals by researchers from post-Soviet countries in the last three decades. We found that post-Soviet countries contribute differently to the overall publication output, with only Russia, Lithuania, and Estonia having more than 100 articles in journals indexed in Scopus. Countries also have different publication profiles in terms of articles’ language, topics, methodology, and the balance between articles in local and international journals. In comparison with a sample of international articles, post-Soviet authors publish a substantially smaller share of research articles, and articles about teaching and learning issues, student experience and outcomes, and academic work, but a larger share of policy-related articles and articles about system policy and history. Researchers from one post-Soviet country collaborate much less within their country compared with authors from the international sample, where people collaborate more actively between institutions within a country. At the same time, scholars from different post-Soviet countries do not collaborate with each other. Our analysis demonstrates the disunity of the community of post-Soviet scholars disconnected by national borders.
This paper summaries the experience of a group of tutors making research-oriented seminar for masters’ students during the period of 2011–2015 years. For standard curriculum enhancement, the following methods were used: the balanced scorecard, subject-oriented approach for learning process modeling, e-learning platforms, virtual seminar concept, and many others.
The article is devoted to the issue of accessibility of higher education in terms of the author's understanding of spatial accessibility. According to this view, the indicator of low spatial accessibility of higher education within the region is more intense migration flows of 18-year-olds from the region of permanent residence. Young people aged 17-25 are the most attractive group in terms of the labor market, which has a significant impact on the economy of the region. At the same time, a significant increase or decrease in the number of young people has serious socio-cultural consequences. The article considers the attractive role of universities in the migration flows of young people and their role in the transformation of the geodemographic situation of the regions.
The book illustrates practices of Russian magistracy cases in regional and leading universities. The authors covered core issues, models and development points of the master's institute in Russia. Prospects for its development were also indicated. The paperwork presents the cases of graduate schools, magistracy design in the context of changing norms, rules and institutions at Russian universities. This research is the result of a net-team working in the project “The Birth of Russian Masters” (supporting by the Potanin Foundation). The publication can be recommended to specialists in the educational sciences, researchers of managerial practices at universities, teachers, employees related to the implementation of practical programs and a wide range of readers.