Immigration and Intercultural integrations strategies in Post-Soviet Russia
This chapter addresses changes in immigration trends and their psychosocial effects in post-Soviet
The migratory situation in Russia in the 1990-2000th years is considered. Separate types of migration are analysed: repatriation, labor migration, internal migration
The manual is dedicated to the study of the phenomenon of immigration in France and is meant for students of higher stage of education learning the course of general French, level of proficiency B1,B2.
The manual has practical, educational and developmental objectives.
The main practical objective is to teach how to work with modern texts about the problems of immigration in France, to enrich the students' vocabulary and to from speaking skills.
The inclusion of the materials of the manual in the academic activities is aimed at helping students to from an idea about the main stages of the French immigration, the problems of integration, and at nurturing tolerant attitude towards representatives of various cultures. The materials used for teaching reading and speaking were the texts from quality French publications and articles from print and electronic media related to immigration.
The results of the field research of intergroup attitudes in Southern Russia (N=723) demonstrated that the relationships of the valence and uncertainty of ethnic identity, perceived discrimination and level of religious identity with intergroup attitudes depend on a group status (majority – minority) and the type of settlement (dense-sparse). The perceived discrimination predicts the intolerance of intergroup attitudes among the majority group members whereas, the valence and uncertainty of ethnic identity – among the minorities members. The salience of ethnic identity and high level of religious identity predict intolerant attitudes among migrants with the dense way of settlement, the valence of identity and perceived discrimination predict intolerant attitudes among the migrants with the sparse type of settlement. The willingness to distinguish between people by religion provides the maintenance of their group boundaries and identity in multicultural regions of Russia. The growth of uncertainty of ethnic tolerance provides better adaptation of migrants in multicultural regions of Russia.
This paper examines the similarities and differences between the relationships of ‘own’ cultural and ‘other’ cultural identities on the one hand and acculturation strategies of integration and assimilation on another hand among representatives of three generations of Russians and Ossetians, living in RNO-A. The sample included 109 grandparent-parent-adolescent triads from ethnic Russian families and 106 triads from ethnic Ossetian families (N=645). In the Russian sample we found the negative impact of ‘own’ cultural identity (Russian) on the assimilation strategy and a positive impact of ‘other’ cultural identity (Caucasian) on the integration strategy in all three generations. Among Ossetians we did not reveal any clear influence of their ‘own’ cultural identity (Ossetian) on acculturation expectations in all three generations. ‘Other’ cultural identity (Russian) of Ossetian grandparents and adolescents positively influences the acculturation expectation ‘multiculturalism’. In adolescents sample (unlike grandparents and parents) this identity also has a positive impact on the acculturation expectation ‘melting pot’. ‘Own’ cultural identity of Ossetian parents and adolescents positively influences the acculturation expectation ‘multiculturalism’. For Ossetian parents (unlike for grandparents and adolescents) their ‘own’ cultural identity negatively affects the acculturation expectation ’melting pot’. In both ethnic groups ‘own’ cultural identities promote maintainance of ‘own’ culture, and ‘other’ cultural identities help to adopt successfully in multicultural society. These results require additional verification in studies with other samples.
The textbook consists of two sections. In the first section the socio-psychological and personal factors of ethnic tolerance of intolerance, development stages of ethnic identity, ethnic stereotypes and prejudices among children and adolescents are analysed. The second section presents a program for development of practical skills for constructive intercultural dialogue for high school students in multiethnic schools of Russian Federation.
The level of self-employment among immigrants is often higher than among natives. The purpose of this paper was to test empirically whether selective migration with respect to entrepreneurial characteristics may explain this difference. The relevant hypotheses were tested comparing representative samples of Russian immigrants in Norway and their stay-at-home counterparts. Data from the Russian population came from the 2008 GEM study, while data on Russian immigrants in Norway were collected through a specially designed postal survey. The analysis revealed some demographic dissimilarity between the two groups, as well as a presence of selective migration with respect to entrepreneurial characteristics. This study demonstrates that immigrants (as compared to non-migrants) are more likely to report intentions to start a business. Moreover, they possess relatively large amount of specific human capital, social capital and self-confidence relevant for entrepreneurship. The paper concludes with proposed practical implications and suggestions for further research.