Католические писатели и Церковь
The article discusses the process of formation and evolution of the concept of Free will in the period of late Anquity and Middle Ages and also reasons of the fact that this concept became a foundation of European interpretation of personality and social teaching of the Catholic Church. The analysis was conducted on the basis of official legal documents of the Catholic Church, as well as on the basis of writings of Doctor of the Church. The compilation of theological and legal approaches makes it possible to assess influence of the catholic teaching on the formation of legal doctrine and West European mental model in comparative perspective.
The paper is devoted to the influence of the image of the Righteous Sufferer on the Passion Narrative, especially on Mark 14 and 15. The special attention to the Gospel of Mark is due to the fact that it seems to be the oldest gospel and a prototype for other Gospels. The differences between the Hebrew and the Greek texts of the psalms in question are analyzed; the question is studied which of the two textual traditions has influenced the Gospel text, when and how.
The article analyses the passages about different kinds of water used in the latin liturgy and described in the Rationale of the famous liturgist Guillaume Durand, Bishop of Mende.
In his article the author tries to give a new interpretation of the perception of “new people” Chernyshevsky in the Dostoevsky’s novel “Notes from underground”. The term “new people” has a gospel background. In Russia it was ﬁ rst used by prince Vladimir Baptized. Dostoevsky shows that an ordinary man cannot exist on such a spiritual level.
The monograph is devoted to analysis of social stratification in Russian society. Models of its social structures constructed within the modern approaches to stratification (neo-Weberian, neo-Marxist, resource-based, ect.) are characterized and compared, and the approaches themselves are summarized as well. Empirical base for the analysis is the data of nationwide sociological researches carried out by IS RAS in 1994-2013
"March theses on sociology of equality and inequality" (by Anatoly Gofman) offers a look on the dichotomic state of everyday and academic views on these crucial societal issues - in form of 20 theses. The dichotomy, so author, is justified in case of everyday consciousness, while scholarly studies should view it in a close relationship, interdependence and interaction, like a continuum. Absolute and relative equality (inequality) has to be differentiated, as well as respective values and ideals have to be contrasted with real factual conditions. Reviewing historicity of the issue author formulates an assumption that instead of equality and inequality, equalities and inequalities have to be addressed in academic discourse. Final theses relate the issue to current Russian conditions linking overall theoretical conclusions to practices of economic and social policies.