Модели социальной организации российских фирм
The article deals with the mysterious "physics" of urban space and methods of managing spatial development making use of this "physics." Urban space is a value created as a result of various activities. Even though living in a city are various people having different attitudes towards it and towards themselves and other people, all of them together make up an urban community which has a right to urban space and to its use and development. This right, however, is alienated in favor of power elites and administration bodies which, unfortunately, are exercising it, as a rule, inefficiently and not for the citizens' good. The situation that has developed is largely determined by the absence in Russia of the profession of urbanist and the opposition offered by top-level managers and architects both to its establishment and to the achievement of a practical balance of interests of various groups.
Within the framework of the overwhelming majority of modern theories, the state is considered as a specialized and centralized institution for governing a society, to what its right to exercise coercive authority – legitimized violence is often added as the state’s critical characteristic feature. Contrariwise, my approach stems from the presumption that the state should be perceived not as a specific set of political institutions only but, first and foremost, as a type of society to which this set of institutions is adequate. Following this approach leads to the necessity of paying special attention to coming to the fore of the non-kin, territorial relations in state society – the point often evicted from many contemporary definitions of the state due to the wide-spread vision of it as merely a specific form of political organization. I also argue that political centralization cannot be regarded as a feature specific for the state, as it is applicable to many non-state forms of societies. In the meantime, the feature typical for the state only, is specialization resulting in administrators’ professionalization, that is, in the formation of bureaucracy, related directly to the non-kin social ties coming into prominence. As for the right to coerce, it should not be made the central point of the state concept because it is a dependent variable itself: the specificity of monopoly of the legitimate violence in state society is precisely that it is exercised through and by bureaucrats who operate within bureaucratic institutions.
Russia's first dictionary of sociology of management. It is intended for all categories of researchers working in the field of social management and social organizations. Presented terms and terminological expressions used in management theory and practice, in the related disciplines