Organizational Defense Mechanisms Against Individual and Group Anxiety
Symptoms of anxiety are highly comorbid with major depressive disorder (MDD) and are known to alter the course of the disease. To help elucidate the biological underpinnings of these prevalent disorders, we previously examined the relationship between components of anxiety (somatic, psychic and motoric) and serotonin 1A receptor (5-HT1A) binding in MDD and found that higher psychic and lower somatic anxiety was associated with greater 5-HT1A binding. In this work, we sought to examine the correlation between these anxiety symptom dimensions and 5-HTT binding. Positron emission tomography with [11C]-3-amino-4-(3-dimethylamino-methylphenylsulfanyl)-benzonitrile ([11C]DASB) and a metabolite-corrected arterial input function were used to estimate regional 5-HTT binding in 55 subjects with MDD and anxiety symptoms. Somatic anxiety was negatively correlated with 5-HTT binding in the thalamus (β=−.33, p=.025), amygdala (β=−.31, p=.007) and midbrain (β=−.72, p<.001). Psychic anxiety was positively correlated with 5-HTT binding in midbrain only (β=.46, p=.0025). To relate to our previous study, correlation between 5-HT1A and 5-HTT binding was examined, and none was found. We also examined how much of the variance in anxiety symptom dimensions could be explained by both 5-HTT and 5-HT1A binding. The developed model was able to explain 68% (p<.001), 38% (p=.012) and 32% (p=.038) of the total variance in somatic, psychic, and motoric anxiety, respectively. Results indicate the tight coupling between the serotonergic system and anxiety components, which may be confounded when using aggregate anxiety measures. Uncovering serotonin's role in anxiety and depression in this way may give way to a new generation of therapeutics and treatment strategies.
The article is devoted to personality traits in choosing coping strategies of behavior in an organizational conflict. The research deals with such personality traits as empathy, locus of control, anxiety, self-appraisal and temperament. The author examines the influence of gender, age, working and managerial experience of an employee on the choice of coping strategies.
This chapter provides an overview of the group in the organization, its structural components, group defense mechanisms are mentioned, through the process of building a team, intergroup interaction in the organization are revealed.
Objectives. Arterial blood pressure and serum blood glucose concentration, and the level of anxiety, as determined by the Spielberger test, as physical and psychological markers of stress under “modernization”, were studied in groups of native Siberians: the Khanty and the Mansi.
Results. The fraction of respondents with a high level of anxiety is 64% of the total sample. The average values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure are higher among natives living in large than in small “national” settlements (p<0.05). The arterial blood pressure of town dwellers is even higher. The same patterns are seen in the blood serum glucose concentrations in female samples. The average arterial blood pressure (in males and females) and the blood serum glucose concentration (in females) increases as people diverge from “traditional” lifestyles.
Conclusions. The results demonstrate that “modernization” and urbanization have a serious stressing influence on the aborigines of North Siberia.