Objectives. Arterial blood pressure and serum blood glucose concentration, and the level of anxiety, as determined by the Spielberger test, as physical and psychological markers of stress under “modernization”, were studied in groups of native Siberians: the Khanty and the Mansi.
Results. The fraction of respondents with a high level of anxiety is 64% of the total sample. The average values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure are higher among natives living in large than in small “national” settlements (p<0.05). The arterial blood pressure of town dwellers is even higher. The same patterns are seen in the blood serum glucose concentrations in female samples. The average arterial blood pressure (in males and females) and the blood serum glucose concentration (in females) increases as people diverge from “traditional” lifestyles.
Conclusions. The results demonstrate that “modernization” and urbanization have a serious stressing influence on the aborigines of North Siberia.
The collection includes the abstracts for the 3rd International Conference of the Society of Person-Centered Approach (September 25-27, 2014, HSE, Moscow)
In various comparisons between Individual Psychology and Humanistic Psychology similarities in the concept of man are seen. Furthermore the connections in the life history between Adler, the founder of Individual Psychology, and Maslow and Rogers, the two most important persons in Humanistic Psychology are shown here; Adler even was their teacher in New York in a certain extent. Theoretical convergences and divergences between the both edifices of ideas are reviewed and on the basis of concrete statements Adler's role as a guiding intellectual force of the movement of Humanistic Psychology and Person-centered Approach is pointed out. Finally the growing discussion about efforts for integration between the different therapeutic approaches will be examined.
The article is devoted to personality traits in choosing coping strategies of behavior in an organizational conflict. The research deals with such personality traits as empathy, locus of control, anxiety, self-appraisal and temperament. The author examines the influence of gender, age, working and managerial experience of an employee on the choice of coping strategies.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.