Особенности реализации демографической политики в некоторых регионах Севера России
The analysis of current trends of fertility, family planning and family policy in Russia is presented in chapter. The special attention is paid to changes in age profile of fertility, changes in structure of firtility by birth order, current and expected cohort total fertility, to ethnic and regional differentials in fertlity and in abortion prevalence, regional specifics of demographic and family policy. The analysis was carried out on the basis of detailed and, often, unpublished statistical information from Rosstat, Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Labor, Social insurance fund, and also on representative for Russia sample surveys.
In work results of the comparative analysis of the foreign and Russian legislation regulating processes of creation and activity NGO, their interactions with authorities are stated. The legislation in the Russian regions in many respects corresponds to legal acts of the countries of the central and east Europe. Recently some Russian regional legislators use of model of social partnership for relations between the authorities and NGO. In the legal acts and the usual practice of mutual relations NGO and the authorities the patron-client model in the majority of regions of our country prevails. Results of the analysis are supposed to be used for working out of legal acts of the subject of the Russian Federation in which interaction NGO and authorities would be carried out within the frame of model of intersectorial social partnership.
Author analyzes the competences of subjects of the Russian Federation in sphere of providing of free legal assistance. Authors concern the peculiarities of legal regulation in this sphere at the local and regional levels. Actuality of the theme of this article is based on two factors: the initial stage of the formation of this institute and the delegating federal legislation, all costs related with the provision of legal assistance to the expenditure commitments of budget of subjects of the Russian Federation.