Современная социология эмоций и проблема социальной солидарности: Основные направления исследований
In the article the main sociological problem of social solidarity is discussed in terms of sociology of emotions. Emotions as integral part of human behavior operate on micro- and macrolevel of social structure and promote social consensus and make adjustments to normative behavior. On the basis of analysis of the body of works on sociology of emotions the author concludes that sociologists tend to study social solidarity through «moral emotions». Namely these emotions have strong effects on individual and social behavior and hold up moral order and social solidarity. In the author’s opinion moral emotions are the part of emotional regimes, which are developed in social order and support social solidarity.
In the articles, reviews and abstracts submitted to your attantion under analysis are issues of social theory, empirical sociological studies, history of sociology. The contributions discuss the actual tendencies and perspectives of sociological science in Russia and abroad.
The present paper discusses perspectives of Activity Theory (AT) in the context of contemporary globalizing world, describing which we refer to the notion “De-structuralized modernity” (Sorokin & Froumin, 2020). Radical changes in everyday life challenge social sciences and humanities. Approaches are in demand, which have the potential to comprehend the changing human étant and éntre. We argue that Activity Theory has the potential to face these challenges. Leontiev’s AT grounds on the idea of qualitatively new mental features arising to deal with novel environmental challenges, which is much in line with J.M. Baldwin reasoning on evolution. AT also offers a method to prognosis the upcoming neoplasms. In the same time, applying classics of AT to the current reality, “De-structuralized modernity”, entails the need for new theoretical elaborations of the latter, stemming from the radical transformation of the relations between individual and socio-cultural environments. A unique societal context emerges on the global level, which, on the one hand, requires individual to adapt constantly to changing socio-cultural reality, and, on the other hand, dramatically expands his/her potential for proactive actorhood transforming surrounding structures. We argue that the major and novel challenge for the individual is the task of maintaining the integrity and coherence of the a) Self-identity and b) system of links in and with the socio-cultural environment - in their dynamics and unity. The notion of “culture” has particular relevance and importance in this context because it allows grasping simultaneously two dimensions in their dynamic dialectical interrelations. First, the “internal” (“subjective”, “in the minds”) and “external” (“objective”, material and institutional environment) realities. Second, individual (“micro”) and societal (“macro”) scales of human activities. Discussing the ways to understand these dynamics, we dispute the popular “constitutive view” on personality and refer to the concept of the “ontological shift” (Mironenko & Sorokin, 2018). We also highlight how technological advancements change and “expand” human nature making it capable to deal with the outlined new tasks.
The article analyses theoretical resources of post-Durkheimian tradition in the sociology of emotions. The author proposes to use concept "shared affect" as theoretical frame. Being used on the context of key for sociology of emotions distinctions, such as "feeling/expression," "consciousness/unconsciousness emotion," "involvement/distancing of emotions," this concept lets to highlight relation of specific problems of sociology of emotions and ones of theoretical sociology.
Emotion, sociology of emotions, Durkheim, collective emotions, shared affect, intensity of emotions, Collins, background emotions, Scheff, distancing of emotions, emotion work
The paper presents the results of the research Regional identity in the conditions of socio-economic changes (Nizhniy Novgorod region 2002-2014). The directive interviews with more than 500 people conducted in 2002 and more than 300 in 2014 in the capital of Volga Federal District (Nizhniy Novgorod) and neighboring towns will be described and discussed. During the interviews the respondents specified a) the areas of regional policy, which are significant for all the residents in the region, b) the areas of regional policy, which are meaningful for them personally, and c) the areas of social activity in which they would like to participate themselves. Through the use of mathematical statistics methods we identified the most important areas of regional policy for the residents of the region and as well calculated the following indexes for different social groups (female and male respondents, respondents of different age groups, respondents with different levels of education, respondents with various professional and work experience, respondents from more or less urbanized territories): " Solidarity (congruence of the indicators "important for everybody" and important for me"); " Positive selfishness - activity "for oneself" (congruence of the indicators "important for me" and "ready to participate "); " Altruism - activity for others(congruence of the indicators "important for everybody" and "ready to participate ") In the paper we will present and analyze the dynamics of changes which occurred during 12 years of socio-economic development of the region. Research results will be discussed in the contexts of sociological traditions from E.Durkheim and K.Marx to J. Alexander with the dominance of the interactionist approach and N.Luhmanns communication theory (as we assume, that this theory allows us to interpret social solidarity not in the context of revolutionary overturns but in the context of identification of the possible population protest activity).
The author analyses a number of conceptions that determine self-identification as dependent from self-reference and self-ascription and shows that the conceptions allows to explain the possibility of a formal but not a real basis of self-identity.
The article has been examining the ways of transformation of mortgage borrowers' everyday life as well as peculiarities of decision making under uncertainty and high risks closely related to house building and purchase dwelling. Our research is carrying out in Irkutsk since 2007. It shows that mortgage is not only "a school of financial competence". Mortgage is a mechanism of new responsibility's rising (through the person's internal motivation) and new social competence (through the recourse mobilization - personal and person's social network, self-organization and using new social practices). Thus mortgage is "a school of middle class".
Sociology of altruism, morality and social solidarity: introduction in a new field of study.