Source monitoring: effect of language and false information
Human memory does not record everything we experience. Memory is a reconstructive process from which we encode new information assimilating it to the schemata we have about different actions and situations. Because of the reconstructive process we sometimes include information which was not presented at the original event but that it was later suggested. This effect of incorporating false information into our memories is the so-called misinformation effect. In a series of experiments it was shown that not only the suggested post event information was susceptible of being incorporated to the memory, but also the wording used (e.g., smash, touch) can alter the estimation of other variables as the speed of the car passing by. The information suggested can come from different types of sources affecting its credibility and endorsement, being one of those types the language used.