Modern Tendencies and Perspective Directions of Agro-Industrial Complex Development in Russia
The recent changes in the conditions of Russian agro-industrial complex operation have both positive and negative sides. The positive changes include the creation of more favorable conditions for domestic producers because of the introduced counter-sanctions aimed at restricting the import of agricultural products into Russia. The negative side is the unavailability of the agro-industrial complex and a number of supporting industries to sharply changed operating conditions. Further development of agro-industrial complex and effective overcoming of the problems are possible on the basis of creation and use of innovations and new technologies. In the paper, considerable attention is paid to the identification of innovation activity points of growth that are understood as activities for which either the growth rate or the average level of development exceeds the corresponding average characteristics for Russia as a whole. The level of development of export-oriented production in the domestic agro-industrial complex is considered as one of the indicators of success of innovative development of the industry. The positive effect of reorientation from the sale of raw materials to the sale of deep processing products is shown. Such a replacement is beneficial in terms of increasing the domestic agricultural production of valuable components for domestic consumption, and, accordingly, obtaining higher revenues from the sale of deep processing products. The results of the study can be used to determine the main guidelines for the development of the industry in the near future.