Chapter 11 - Government initiative and policies on water conservation and wastewater treatment in Russia
The stable development of water resources is a strategic objective of any state and essential component of national security. In Russia the situation with water resources is better than in many other countries of the world. There is more than quarter of world’s freshwater resources (23% only in endemic Lake Baikal). However, these resources are irregularly distributed throughout the national territory. Only 10% of water resources are located in European Russia where the concentration of the population and production capacities is more than 70%. Furthermore, there is a range of serious problems in respect of protection and use of these resources, water supply networks, structure of water consumption, and issues of water disposal and treatment, water conditioning, and water reuse.