Цифровизация государственного управления
The work is devoted to the topical issues of practical implementation of digital transformation services in the economic processes of transport, foreign and mutual trade in the digital economy. The authors analyze the strategic planning documents adopted recently in the EAEU countries, which provide for measures aimed at stimulating the development of digital technologies and their use in various sectors of the economy, including the program "Digital economy of the Russian Federation". Emphasis is placed on the fact that there is no definition of "digital economy" in the approved policy document, which focuses on the development of purely infrastructural elements of the new economic order. The authors, noting the service nature of the transport industry, propose a new principle of priority implementation of innovative digital management mechanisms in transport processes: first, the construction of new digital services, then - the creation or integration of infrastructure necessary to ensure them.
The article is devoted to the consideration of a number of organizational and methodological issues of creating a digital platform for the transport complex, concerning the problems of analysis and accounting for risks that arise when integrating competencies for the formation of information and logistics services. The questions that the authors explore in this article are very relevant when creating digital services on the transport platform based on the integration of several technological products belonging to different owners. Detailing possible risks is necessary for their subsequent mitigation by the organizational and technological infrastructure of the digital platform.
The authors consider the relationships that arise between the fundamental elements of the digital platform: the basic product of the platform, digital services and their sales processes. We analyze various categories of the basic product - an intangible asset, without which a complex of digital services cannot be built within the digital platform. The study examines the dependence of an intangible asset on the assets of tangible and human carriers of this asset, as well as the risks that arise in this case.
The research is based on the methodology of conceptual analysis of designing complex socio-economic forms and organizational structures, which was successfully tested when creating the aerograd information and logistics center at Sheremetyevo international airport.
The use of the methodological approach outlined by the authors allows minimizing the risks that arise during the development of digital services by developing appropriate contractual forms and technologies that make up the digital platform repository, as well as selecting appropriate organizational and legal mechanisms for creating functional components of the transport platform. For effective practical integration of competencies, a recommendation is given for creating an innovative center of the digital platform in the organizational and legal form of a non-commercial partnership.
International Scientific Conference "Digital Transformation on Manufacturing, Infrastructure and Service" 21–22 November 2018, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
The 11th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV2018) took place in Galway, Republic of Ireland, between 4 and 6 April 2018. The conference was held under the high patronage of the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform (DPER), Government of Ireland. The Insight Centre for Data Analytics, part of the National University of Ireland Galway, co-organised ICEGOV2018 with the United Nations University Operating Unit on Policy-Driven Electronic Governance (UNU-EGOV), which is also the conference series organiser1. The conference organisation was also supported by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Science Foundation Ireland (SFI).
The paper discovers potential human interactions with growing amount of internet of things (IoT) via proposed concept of Social Web of Services (classical social web with smart things - daily life objects connected to the internet). To investigate the impact of IoT on user behaviour patterns we modelled human-thing interactions using agent-based simulation (ABM). We have proved that under certain conditions SmartThings, connected to the IoT, are able to change patterns of Human behaviour. Results of this work predict our way of living in the era of caused by viral effects of IoT application (HCI and M2M connections), and could be used to foster business process management in the IoT era.
In this study, we would like to show the analysis of latent factor structure of school digitalization from the teachers’ perspective based on pilot SELFIE (Self-reflection tool for digitally capable schools) data. The survey of 685 teachers who took part in the pilot SELFIE study in Russia were subjected to an exploratory factor analysis. Five factors of technology-enhanced teaching emerged. Taking into consideration the lack of recent studies in internal drivers of digital transformation in Russia, this study contributes to the understanding of changes happening within a complex system such as the school system is. Further perspectives for digital transformation’s aspects analysis based on SELFIE data are also proposed.