Embodied carbon and trade competitiveness in Russia
In this paper emissions embodied in exports and imports of Russia are estimated with the use of inter-country input-output tables from WIOD database. It is revealed that Russia is the second largest exporter of ‘virtual carbon’. Additionally, we analysed the trade competitiveness index of the export industries with respect to emissions, and it was found that the industries with strong international competitiveness belong to high-carbon-emission categories. Over the period of 2000-2011 those industries lost some of the competitiveness, which contributed to the decline of carbon content in Russian exports.