Два времени в физических теориях: время метрическое и время развития
To overcome the difficulties in studying the concept of time, the author proposes to analyze philosophical concepts and scientific theories from the point of view of two aspects of time that are not reducible to each other. These are: metric time and development time. It is shown that the division of time into two aspects is based on the philosophical tradition and helps to overcome the contradictions between the “frozen” time of the special theory of relativity and the observed “arrows of time” in cosmology, quantum mechanics and thermodynamics. A number of arguments in favor of the popular philosophical concept of the block universe based on the equations of the special theory of relativity are analyzed. These arguments are shown to be based solely on the metric aspect of time. Arguments in favor of the informational nature of development time are considered.