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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Water related problem with special reference to global climate change in Russia

P. 23-35.

Water Conservation and Wastewater Treatment in BRICS Nations: Technologies, Challenges, Strategies, and Policies addresses issues of water resources—including combined sewer system overflows—assessing effects on water quality standards and protecting surface and sub-surface potable water from the intrusion of saline water due to sea level rise.

Global warming is leading to a wide range of dramatic impacts caused by changes in surface temperature and precipitation, and increases in the frequency and scale of extreme weather events, such as floods and droughts. Climate change is occurring much faster than the global average in Russia. The water problems associated with the impacts of climate change have been very diversified due to the country’s huge amount of territory and vary substantially depending on season, economic activities, and population. The observable changes and impacts have already been dramatic in many areas, with high economic costs and loss of human life. The projections related to future climate change are even more worrisome and alarming: the threat to water resources will increase, possibly leading to huge losses. Large-scale adaptation and resilience measures are required in most Russian regions to avoid dangerous consequences in the near and medium term; however, the country still has a very weak adaptation policy, places a low priority on climate action, and employs poor proactive decision-making even in the most vulnerable areas. Climatic risk-management tools and adaptation of a national strategy will be essential elements for water management under conditions of heightened climate change in Russia.