Exploring the Reciprocal Rela-tionship Between Innovation, Internationalization, and Or-ganizational Learning: A Complex System Model for Small Firms
The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between innovation, internationalization, and organizational learning in small businesses. Emergent approaches go beyond the linear causality that has traditionally linked these concepts in previous research in favor of holistic, complex approaches that stress mutual or circular causality. Based on this approach, and after analyzing 285 interviews and 54 companies from various industries, the authors find that the three activities are reciprocally linked to each other, forming a complex system. The firms’ evolution over a period of nine years also shows that, faced with various change elements, they evolved and adopted four kinds of configurations, characterized by low and high incremental and radical innovation, local and global internationalization, and adaptive and generative learning. The findings are relevant to scholars, managers, and government policymakers.
The paper discusses recent initiatives undertaken by the Russian Government that are aimed to attract highly qualified foreign specialists to Russian higher education institutions. The authors describe obstacles that both institutions and specialists face. Best practices to attract leading scientists used in various countries are identified.
Purpose: Today many programs supporting clusters are introduced in Russia and other countries. The purpose of the research is to provide a relevant quantitative study assessing the effectiveness of cluster policy. Design/methodology/approach: In this paper, the effectiveness of Russia's cluster policy is analyzed using regression analysis. The survey covers data on 516 Russian enterprises divided into two groups: companies from supported clusters and firms that are members of similar but not supported clusters. To the classical variables of Cobb-Douglas production function (companies’ revenue, number of workers, capital of the company) we added cluster program dummy variable. The main question of the research is whether companies in supported clusters operate more effectively than other companies. Findings: The analysis provided quite interesting results. It was found that governmental support which was received by 27 innovative clusters didn’t have any effect on the revenue of the companies. This means that Russian innovation clusters work equally efficiently, regardless of whether they have government support. Research/practical implications: We have not found short-term effects on the enterprises associated with the supported clusters. The obtained results indicate that cluster policy conducted from 2012 to the present time requires adjustment. In this regard, the authors propose recommendations on further implementation of cluster policy. Originality/value: We have described the production function of Russian companies which work in the clusters. We have found that there is no significant effect on companies' output from government supporting of the clusters in Russia. Effectiveness of cluster policy has never been evaluated empirically before this research. Keywords: Cluster, Cluster Policy, Cluster Policy Impact Assessment, Innovative Territorial Clusters
As we progress into the 21st century, the international dimension of higher education is becoming increasingly important and at the same time, much more complex. The changing dynamics of internationalization are contributing to the current state of turmoil in the higher education sector. (Knight 2012) During the last decade, there have been new actors, new rationales, new programs, new regulations, and new developments in globalization. Internationalization has become a formidable force for change, as the following developments and initiatives in higher education demonstrate.
As internationalization adapts to meet new challenges, it is important to examine the key concepts that inform and shape the internationalization process and sometimes result in unexpected developments and unanticipated results. The following discussion acknowledges the multiple and varied benefits attributed to internationalization, but the primary focus is on the unintended consequences that need to be addressed and monitored.
The article deals with the relationship of business and government through the various aspects of the conflict interaction. The author analyses border state of relationship between business and power, factors and possible solutions of conflict situations. The author makes an assumption that development of social relations in general can lead to transformation of inefficient system of relationships between business and power.
The presented article belongs to the research categories, thus, is the result of research conducted by the authors, as well as the interpretation of the identified factors influencing the satisfaction of students participating in international academic mobility. In the study, the issues of the effectiveness of internationalization of education in Russian universities are provided by giving students the opportunity to participate in international mobility programs. The problems of internationalization are practical, since now this process is one of the prior directions in the development of education. In the course of this work, a study was conducted of the views of Russian students on the level and quality of education in the programs of international academic mobility, and the main result of the work was to identify the most significant factors affecting the choice of high school students for mobility, which were combined by the authors of the article in a set of recommendations to the leading Russian. universities when choosing partner universities. The practical part includes an expert interview of students (14 people) participating in mobility programs to identify criteria for their satisfaction with this experience, which, together with the factors identified as a result of analyzing theoretical work, served as the basis for the compilation of a survey on academic mobility, which then 148 students passed. Thus, the following significant components of the effective passage of the program were identified: a high level of adaptation and awareness of foreign students at the host university, high professionalism of teachers, moderation of expenses, the availability of scholarships, provision of team project work to establish relationships with fellow students. The leading criteria for the selection of foreign universities by students were determined: established partnerships between sending and receiving universities, the attractiveness of the country of the program, the opportunity to practice rare foreign languages with their native speakers. As a research perspective, it can be proposed to establish differences in the factors influencing the choice of Western or Eastern universities - partners.
In the current context of the globalization of science, excellence is most often associated with internationalization and assessed through high-impact “international” (English-language) publications. Taking Russian economic science as a case study, this paper argues that the strategies of internationalization of national disciplinary fields are primarily determined by the parameters of the global economics itself. My analysis of the Russian publications in economics covered by Web of Science demonstrates that the very repertoire of international publication strategies of Russian authors is determined by the transnational system of communication in economics. Economics papers from peripheral nations are essentially assigned to regional or “area studies” periodicals, which do not belong to the core of the discipline. Publication in top economics journals requires a specific “international” competency usually obtained through doctoral training at Anglo-American or equivalent PhD programs and generally implies a delocalization of research objects and questions.
This compilation is made by meterialy III International scientific-practical conference "Actual problems of modern science", held September 15, 2014 in Bratislava.