Проблемы обновления российской региональной политики на постсоветском пространстве
The article analyzes the evolution of Russia’s policy in secessionist conflicts in the post-Soviet space in 1991–2018. The authors differentiate the patterns of Russian policy between the “first” and “second” generation of frozen conflicts. The “first generation” includes four conflicts of an ethno-linguistic nature that arose out of the collapse of the USSR in the early 1990s (Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Pridnestrov’e and Karabakh). Most commentators interpret Russia’s actions in the “second generation” conflicts as centralized, directly controlled by the president of Russia, and driven by Russia’s opposition to NATO expansion, and some extend this logic back to the conflicts of the 1990s. However, this article argues that this was not true of Russian policy for the “first generation” conflicts in the early 1990s. In that period the policies of the Yeltsin administration were a product of struggle of different forces both in Moscow and outside of it. The “first generation” conflicts all primarily originated as a result of local grievances. Gradually, shifts in the broader geopolitical landscape in Eurasia, especially the growing confrontation between Russia and the West, led to a reconfiguration of the logic of these conflicts, turning them into the elements of Russian-Western geopolitical opposition.
The book comprehensively examines the current Russian turn to the East, opening up for the country, primarily for its eastern part, new development prospects. The published articles attempted an interdisciplinary review of these new trends. Its authors – geographers, economists – analyze the necessary measures that should be taken to effectively integrate the country into the Asian division of labor, to overcome its pronounced European eccentricity. The articles of the collection also speak about the space of opportunities in which these tasks will be solved. The book is addressed to a wide range of specialists, it will be of interest to anyone who wants to participate in one form or another in solving one of the main challenges facing the country in the 21st century.
The chapters in this volume provide a rich cabinet of studies analyzing how the people ad governments of Russia and East Central Europe have reacted to the rapid and often-dramatic changes in their world since the end of the Cold War. Enormously useful both for its detailed case studies and its effective employment of notions of globalization, domestic and international regime change, and what editors term the 'codependency' of these phenomena. - Robert H. Linden
Aspirations to a just world order take a central place in Russian foreign strategy and reflect the vision of the better world system and better place for Russia in it shared by Russian political elite.
Conclusions about the influence of the geopolitical contradictions between Russia and the EU on foreign and integration policies seem extremely important in terms of the development of conflicts between the regional central forces themselves, as well as in assessing promising integration blocs and the “choice” of the interacting post-Soviet countries themselves. The instability of their behavior is a direct consequence of the emerging "integration dilemma". Although, one should not forget that the “integration dilemma” itself is needed for each country. In such circumstances, the politics of post-Soviet countries will gravitate towards instability and variability. All these countries have been and remain interested in expanding trade and economic relations simultaneously with Russia and the EU, as well as in obtaining assistance and attracting investment from both sides. “One-way” integration, obviously, was not able to provide the necessary and quicker opportunities for faster economic or political statements. The relationship between the two civilizational (in our case, integration) centers is called limitrophic or political balancing. Its strength is to belong to a particular center of power or community of states. Cooperation policies between countries can become volatile and sometimes speculative. In foreign literature, it should be noted the work of R. Schwedler, who pointed to the tendency of small and medium-sized countries to “bandwagon" to more powerful countries in order to achieve economic advantages. Such examples can be found among all five post-Soviet countries. It is on the example of the post-Soviet space that this article broadens the understanding of the behavior of such countries that are used in the context of the "dilemma of integration". The conflict between relations between Russia and the EU. If we are talking about a military confrontation, it would be logical to use the theoretical achievements of the Cold War by authors such as S. Walt and S. David. However, it is increasingly developing without the use of military forces. In this case, when planning integration strategies, everyone should also correspond to the results.
The chapter discusses two major trends in contemporary world politics— the disintegration of the nation-state and supranational integration—and analyses their nature, causes and significance. The author concludes that these processes have a different character within and outside Europe and that the multidirectional trends in different parts of the world, on the one hand, complicate Russia’s foreign policy-making and implementation, but, on the other, widen Russia’s room for diplomatic manoeuvring and increase the opportunities to exploit the contradictions between old and new actors in international relations.