Origins of the Shōnen-ai and Yaoi Manga Genres
This article discusses mainly the works of Japanese manga authors
of the 1970s – Takemiya Keiko and Hagio Moto, who created the manga genre
shōnen-ai (boys’ love). This manga genre, intended for female audiences and
developed in Japan, had been considerably influenced by European art, especially
by French literature and cinema. Such films as “This Special Friendship”
(1964) or works of Jean Cocteau and other French writers formed a special
aesthetics of manga about beautiful boys who love each other.