Женский вопрос между утилитаризмом и позитивизмом (на примере переписки Д. Милля с О. Контом)
The article is devoted to the problem of emancipation of women framed by the correspondence between originator of positivism Auguste Comte and originator of utilitarianism John Mill. There is no Mill’s letters retained, thus, his other works about women’s question were used. This paper is mainly historico-philosophical; its basic task is a research of the women’s question in terms of utilitarianism and positivism. The goal of this article is to find out is there any dependency on the doctrine of utilitarianism (as well as the doctrine of positivism) and the particular attitude toward women’s question.
Actuality of the problem is in the ongoing antagonism among men and women, which is linked, it seems, to the slow absorption of the idea of gender equality in various countries. Nowadays, when this theme has become one of the most speculative, — along with racism, homophobia, and so on, certainly, — it is essential to turn to the roots of this problem sometimes.
It could give us some answers to the most important challenges of the day.