The paper presents the results of the empirical study aimed at investigating of gender differences in marital satisfaction in families expecting their first child in connection with the structural characteristics of family systems. It is shown that the main risk factors for spouses’ relations and their marital satisfaction at this stage are an increase in the emotional distance between spouses, generated by the women’s focus on themselves, by their diversion from the issues of interaction with their family external environment, by delegation all decisions in this area to men. Men in this period are less satisfied with their marriage than women. Women do not so much experience a high level of satisfaction with emotional relationships, but tend to rationally assess their family life as satisfying; in this period women have fewer expectations for the spouses’ relationships characteristics.
A Chapter is devoted to the analysis of the situation of a young family in modern Russian society and life strategies of members of young families. Insights built on a survey of young families carried out in 2015-2016 in 19 regions of Russia. The study demonstrated a rather idealistic attitude of young couples towards marriage. A large part of the young couple shows rather high reproductive attitudes and it is important that measures of social and family policy has allowed them to be realized. The results of the study revealed certain risks that can lead to the disintegration of a young family: on the one hand, this restriction of freedom, on the other, inattention, and indifference. Support for young families will be effective only if the implemented measures will be demanded by the families.
Discusses the value of family for young rosssiyan in the conditions of transformation of the family institution in Russia. Desirable family model changes with the change of social relations. The transformation of the family institution due to the change of value orientations in achieving personal success is measured by economic values, leads to the formation of appropriate system of values among the younger generation, the desired family model – having few children, perhaps childless, the creation of which is postponed "for later", to achieve social maturity, not necessarily based on registered marriage, allowing the change of the marriage partner. The problem of forming family values among the youth is reflected to legislative initiatives and policy documents of recent years.