Китай: весны и осени последней империи
There are a lot of changes in all spheres of life in China, including art, in the end of 1970. This leads to appearance of new directions in art, also brings the fundamental changes in principles of art of China. Wang Guangyi is considered to be the founder of the Political Pop art. Political Pop art is one of the leading directions in contemporary Chinese art in the beginning of the 90th. This article is devoted to the oeuvre of Wang Guangyi and the process of appearance of Political Pop art, its prerequisites, conceptions and stylistic characteristics.
In the coming decades in the process of globalization the position of the USA and Europe will weaken, while the role of developing countries will increase. The role of the two largest emerging economies – China and India – will be of special significance. What future will these fast-growing giants face? The demographers agree that pretty soon India will lead the world in population and thus surpass China, while China will encounter serious ageing population problems. But economic and political scenarios of the future are quite different: from resounding success and world leadership to collapse caused by demographic and socio-political troubles. Which of them is more feasible? In the present article I analyze the Chinese and Indian development models separately and comparatively and make a forecast of their perspectives in the twenty-first century. Such an analysis could be helpful for understanding Russia's ways of development.
The article is a characteristic of specific features of status of Central Asiatic states within the relations of Russian and Qing Empires (18th – beginning of 20th c.) and its evolution. There is an attempt to clarify specific features pf legal status of countries and peoples of the Central Asia in the view of the modern idea of the state sovereignty. Author finds that specific character of political development of countries and peoples of the Central Asiatic region necessitates the further study of history of statehood in this region and surveys the sources which give an opportunity to get an idea on specific features of political development in the region as well as on position of the Russian and Qing Empires towards Central Asiatic states.
China's economic success is largely determined by very low population dependency ratio. This situation was a result of the demographic policy in the PRC. However, another consequence of the same policy becomes imminent rapid aging of China's population. It is very likely that by the early 2030s the country after half a century of unprecedented success will enter a period of coping.